Health & Well Being

TREATMENT WITH STONES. ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW

Written by Mike

By the time we know an unusually large number of different types of stones. But not everyone knows that each of them has its own specific purpose.

Aventurine Mineralogical Class: rock – quartzite, small and fine-grained, grains of quartz with inclusions of colored mica flakes or green-zhilbertitp Fuchsite that give this breed a strong flickering shine. Besides mica sometimes it contains ferrous minerals – goethite, hematite.

Color: reddish-brown, pink or green. Opaque, well polished.

The name is derived from the Italian “Aventura” (by accident), so it is believed that an imitation stone – Goldstone quartz glass was obtained by chance. Goldstone red-brown in color with a mass of metallic sequins crystals of copper. Beauty surpasses natural aventurine, but much inferior to him in hardness.

Deposits of gold-brown aventurine known in the Urals (Taganai), Altai, and green – in the area of Zheleznogorsk (Kursk Magnetic Anomaly). Aventurine field known in India, USA and China, and the best varieties of green aventurine valued on a par with the best varieties of jade.

Medicinal and magical properties: Aventurine has long been considered a lucky mascot, which helped to preserve the joyful mood, sometimes called the pleasing eye gem “stone of love.”

In Indian yoga green aventurine was used to stimulate the heart chakra, to strengthen the vision, intellect, it was believed that it contributes to the creative development of the individual, it calms emotions and accelerates wound healing.

Usually the stone is taken as the wearing of jewelery during a massage with balls and meditation pyramid.

Azurite. Mineralogical class: copper carbonate Cu3 (OH) 2.

Name received by sky-blue color.

Color: cornflower blue, indigo blue.

It forms a short-columnar crystals, often dense, grainy mass. It occurs in the oxidation zone of copper deposits or the vicinity thereof together with malachite.

It extended to the copper deposits in Australia, Chile, the USA and France. Azurite mined in Zaire.

Long since this mineral is used for making blue dye. Limited use – as a jeweler-ornamental material and the collector.

Medicinal and magical properties: in ancient Egypt, the hidden stone was used by the priests in order to raise the level of consciousness of higher powers.

And today, according to Katrin Rafael, azurite brings healing energy to all levels of our being – from the physical to the most subtle. It recommends the use of azurite to stimulate the “third eye”, as well as putting on any sore spot: it removes diseased energy.

Alexandrite.Alexandrite is a very “heavy” rock. It is believed that it has been opened recently, but a similar stone was known in ancient Greece and India. Sometimes it takes misfortune in advance. He is very heavy. It affects your hidden emotional states. For some people, it constantly changes color and luster of bluish-reddish tones to yellow. Yellow is a harbinger of misfortune. Alexandrite is like a magical barometer showing him the states that will have you in the near future. Sometimes it is not only foretells the event but also affects them. He brings misfortune, ordeal, “strength test”. This stone of strong people, but they can wear it and carry on purpose. If a man will stand the test, then after it comes happiness ion completely out of this circle. This stone attracts the test, the person is more sensitive to every little detail. But after these tests comes peace.

Contraindicated to wear the Pisces and Cancers. Also it is contraindicated in Virgo. Not contraindicated in Taurus, Sagittarius, Scorpio. It is not contraindicated fire sign that risk, take the test.

Usually this stone worn as decoration in gold (rings, earrings).

Diamond. Name is derived from the Greek. “Adamas” meaning “unconquerable” (with the extraordinary hardness of the mineral).

Synonyms: diamond, known since the Middle Ages. Brilliant – artificially cut diamond (name from the French “brilliant”, meaning “shining”).

This stone glows in ultraviolet and X-rays. Many diamonds shine in the dark after exposure to sunlight, and some even glow when rubbed (triboluminescence phenomenon).

It crystallizes in the form of octahedrons with sparkling smooth faces, at least in the form of cubes weighing 0.2 carats to several tens or hundreds of carats.

Diamonds are formed at conditions of very high temperatures and pressures. Deposits in Russia, Africa, South America, Australia and India.

Diamonds from ancient times to the present time are precious stones unparalleled (gem 1 class in the modern classification). However, only the highest quality diamonds, constituting about 20% of mined stones used in the jewelry industry. Others are used in industry for the manufacture of abrasive materials and tools (industrial diamonds). Jewelry diamonds (diamonds) are included in the treasuries of many countries. In Russia, they are kept in the Diamond Fund ( “Shah” diamonds “Orlov”, smaller and inserted into the crown jewels of Russian tsars).

Diamond has long been called “the king of stones”, symbolizing perfection, invincibility, strength and power. In Indian magic diamond given the first place, because it is considered to be a major stumbling 7 chakra (Sahasrara), designed to connect the person with the higher powers, with the Cosmos. Yoga noted that the energy “chandamani” (diamond) is very thin, powerful vibrations and feeds his heart, brain and all the subtle (etheric) body.

Diamond attributed to a variety of amazing properties. It was believed that the diamond in a ring protects its owner from illness, drives away bad dreams, casts out fear, strengthens the entire body, preventing apoplexy and the formation of stones in the body.

According to the Indian “Ayurveda” diamond contains all elements – ether, fire, air, land and water. His strong vibrations affect various organs of the physical body – the heart, the brain, the delicate fabrics. The Ayur-Vedic treatment was used as a diamond heart and rejuvenator. His subtle vibration stimulates and rejuvenates the heart, have a beneficial effect on the brain and the entire nervous system. To do this in the “Ayurveda” is recommended to drink diamond water.

Preparation: a golden diamond ring cup pour overnight pure water. Drink a glass of morning, when it is necessary to know: jewelery belonging to another person, as well as poor quality or synthetic diamond may have a negative effect on the body.

Diamond jewelry (rings, pendants and so on. D.) May affect its owner in many ways in a short time, even during the day. So wear them all the time is not always useful, given the strong (Jansky) energy, “the king of stones.” When an excess in the body Jansky start, resulting in excessive impulsivity, irritation, increased blood pressure, you need to time to remove any diamond jewelry.

Amethyst. Namea – the name of the legendary nymph Ametis. According to legend, the stone she was turned into the goddess Artemis, who saved her from indiscreet manner encroachments violent when he was drunk Dionysus.

The color of the stone varies from red-purple, purple, and mauve. Coating of uniform and non-uniform sunbathing blood-red light in artificial light (from Ural amethyst Talya deposits). Amethyst some deposits (Brazil, Germany, and others.) It becomes a gray, ugly artificial light. Under the influence of sunlight coloring amethyst may fade. When heated to 180-200 ° C amethyst decolorized, but upon cooling again restored coloration.

Unevenly colored Ural amethysts in cutting can be distinguished from synthetic miners simple way: the product falls into a glass of water and when the cream is going in the middle and on the edges discolored – is natural amethyst.

In nature, amethyst occurs in the form of prismatic crystals crowned with a pyramidal head, in the form of scepeter-like crystals, as well as druses, brushes, in intergrowths and parallel-columnar crystalline aggregates. Usually the crystal sizes vary from 0.5 to 20 cm along the long axis.

Amethyst brushes are microcrystalline aggregates of amethyst on the rock with the size of individuals 5-10 mm.

Agate tonsils and ghosts also sometimes contain fine amethyst.

Deposits: amethyst is found in the cavities of the quartz veins, among the sandstones with quartz-amethystic construction, in the sticks among diabases and basalts. The best amethyst is mined in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Brazil (from placers), Madagascar, South America.

Therapeutic and magical properties: amethyst refers to precious stones of the 4th class and is used in such jewelry items as earrings, rings, pendants, brooches.

From the ancient era there was a belief about amethyst as a means of intoxication. However, this idea changed over time, and it became a symbol of theological ideas and images. In Russia he was called a “bishop’s stone,” they were decorated with church utensils, and the priests wore necklace with amethyst.

In India, the amethyst was revered as one of the powerful magic stones belonging to Ajna (the “third eye”). Yogis lay the crystal of the amethyst on the inter-brow, and with its subtle vibrations soothes the mental, establishing inner peace and initiating the opening of the “third eye” – an amazing transition from the normal state to the twilight region of all-seeing. At this amazing moment, real magic takes place – a transition from one reality to another, from a low material level to the higher forces of the universe.

Amethyst with its curative purple color extinguishes mental pain and anxiety, soothes and clears thoughts, fills the aura with positive energy and good intentions. In the Indian “Ayurveda” about amethyst it is said: “… contains elements of ether and water, helps to control emotions. Good for treating imbalance of cotton wool and pitta. ” The main therapeutic properties of amethyst – calming, removing irritation, eliminating insomnia.

Application: contact healing: apply a crystal or an article of amethyst in case of excitement and insomnia, wear beads, necklaces, periodically cleaning them, Chinese massage with gilt stones and balls, harmonization with the help of an amethyst pyramid.

Amethyst quartz is a dense discharge of quartz of violet (amethyst) color with white concentric bands – growth zones. It is usually found together with crystalline amethyst. Outwardly similar to violet fluorite.

A unique deposit of amethyst quartz is located in Tajikistan – the vein of the Amethyst, known to the local population as the “Tamerlane penny”.

It has long been used to make jewelry and various stone-cutting products (balls, eggs, etc.). The State Hermitage (St. Petersburg) stores a countertop made of amethyst quartz. With this stone is connected with the belief that he drives away sadness and gives the gift of foresight.

Apatite.The name comes from the Greek. “Apatao” – “cheating” (for its resemblance to the color of beryl, diopside, tourmaline).

Most often found in the form of solid granular mass, at least in the form of well faceted prismatic crystals – individual, ingrown into the formation. Crystal size of from 1 to 15-20 cm. Opaque crystals reach the 2 m and weights in excess of 200 kg (Quebec, Canada).

Deposits: in the Russian apatite crystals of blue known in skarn deposits of the Baikal region, strontium apatite-known Sami natrolite veins of the Kola Peninsula, blue apatite (Ceylon), purple (in Germany, the Czech Republic, Switzerland), yellow (Mexico).

Transparent beautifully colored apatite are very rare and are used as raw materials of jewelry. Opaque or translucent crystals suitable material as a collector.

Medicinal and magical properties: in healing practices used by the most common yellow and blue apatite. Yellow apatite affects the “solar plexus” and navel, and through them – the physical body. It is a stimulant Manipur Chakra. Blue aquamarine apatite along with a beneficial effect on Vishudha Cakkra (throat and vocal cords, thyroid). Blue color generally has a soothing effect cooling emotions, and causes drowsiness.

Turquoise. The name comes from the Persian “Piruza”, which means “victory”. It has long been believed that turquoise brings victory and good luck in all affairs. Turquoise is known as “Callan” and under the old name “Turkiz” because earlier in Europe turquoise came from Turkey and Persia.

Stone bright sky blue, but sometimes blue-green, to yablochnozelenogo. Appearance of green colors in the color turquoise due to the presence of iron ions, aluminum ions substitute. Turquoise is exposed to bleaching in the sun, as well as acquiring a greenish or brownish-green color under the influence of alcohol, spirits, grease, soaps, alkalis, acids. In nature, turquoise occurs as veinlets, nodules, lenses, phenocrysts incorrect selections.

Turquoise deposits associated with the cores of rock weathering containing copper sulfide mineralization.

Turquoise deposits are known in Central Asia (Biryu-zakanskoe, Kyzylkum), Armenia (Teghut). The highest quality turquoise is mined since ancient times in Iran (near Nishapur). In ancient times, a great turquoise mined in the Sinai Peninsula (mine Sebarit El-Khadem and Wadi panic). The latter are not lost practical significance. Industrial deposits of turquoise is in the United States (Arizona, Colorado). Known deposits of turquoise in China and Mongolia (Erdenet).

Medicinal and magical properties: Turquoise has been known since ancient times in the Middle East, Persia, China, and Mexico. The stone was used in all types of jewelry, from it did cult objects and amulets. Turquoise has a large number of different interesting positive properties. As Eliphas Levi said (in his book “On the properties of stones”, of the XIX century): “Turquoise – extremely lucky stone, its main feature – to reconcile all hostility.”

Products made of turquoise worn as an amulet that brings victory, luck, protecting from all the troubles of the “evil eye” and making its owner invulnerable. Indian yoga valued turquoise for a strong positive energy, a beneficial effect on people decreases their anger, irritability, evil thoughts, giving confidence and positive emotions.

In Indian lithotherapy turquoise is an important stimulator Vishudha Chakras (affecting the thyroid, vocal cords, and others.). As with all living things in nature, turquoise is going through in their evolution birth, youth, maturity and aging, changing with the “age” of your color and shades of pale blue (young turquoise) to bright blue, greenish-blue and green (mature) .

The most active has healing power, it is juicy bright blue turquoise. Green turquoise, lost its strength, has a low bio-energy.

Mongolian lamas believed that “Oyu” (Turquoise) is an indicator of the health of its owner and “sick” with it, varying in color: in this case if the turquoise suddenly dims or turns green, it is the first sign of the onset of disease. However, it was believed that the color of turquoise can be restored, if it will wear a completely healthy person with a strong aura.

As imitations often appear turquoise minerals such as chrysocolla, lapis lazuli, dyed chalcedony, as well as synthetic materials (plastics, glass, ceramics, enamel, etc.). The latter differ from the turquoise hardness and density.

In addition, now in many countries (Russia, France, Germany, China, and others.) Are artificial turquoise having the same or similar composition, but a different structure.

It has long been for the turquoise issued odontolit or bone turquoise. The bones of various animals, containing apatite and vivianite that led to its bluish color. This turquoise-known in China and France. Healing properties are only in the natural turquoise and no simulation can not replace it in lithotherapy.

The name has received for crystal form (from the Latin “spinel-Nella.” – “little thorn”).

Color, usually red, pink, orange. The most prized ruby red spinel, or Lal. Pink spinel is sometimes called “balas” (in place of discovery in Afghanistan).

The main deposits of spinel – a scattering of Mogok (Burma), Tajikistan (Pamir field Kuhilal) in Afghanistan, Brazil, Turkey (Anatolia region).

Along with the natural stone on the market often appears synthetic spinel. It simulates not only the natural spinel, but many other stones (amethyst, ruby, garnet, etc.).

Medicinal and magical properties: red spinel, gave similar in color and power ruby, and often they are difficult, like twins. Lal, a favorite stone of the East – a talisman of love, because it was believed that he has magical powers to initiate an irresistible passion. His revered loving emirs, sultans and shahs decrepit, had multiple wives and harems of concubines. Powerful rulers sitting on the throne, rubbed in the palms of balls Lala. And stone fueled their vitality, concentrated in their desire, giving them the opportunity to feel happy for a moment the young. However, it was thought that people with excessive impulsiveness, violent temperament (with an excess of yang energy), this stone is contraindicated – they burned.

In the East of the entrenched Lal strong reputation stone of love and passion, a potent stimulator of sexual energy.

Hematite. Kidney-shaped Hematite heais formed in hydrothermal veins (Kichkenesor, Kazakhstan), in China, in the veins of tin (Germany, Altenberg) and rare metal veins in the Czech Republic (Jachymov). Lovely tolstotablitchaty hematite with a perfect cut is known on the island of Elba and in the Alps.

Raw gemstones for jewelry (necklaces, brooches, insertions, and other gems.).

Healing stone

Therapeutic and magical properties: has the ability to heal wounds, it purifies the blood, krovoochischayuschie organs – kidney, liver and spleen. Was used in the eastern lithotherapy to treat abscesses, vascular occlusions, with bleeding, urinary disorders, blood disorders, hormonal disorders.

It improves energy support chakras, stimulates blood circulation and recharge the sexual chakra, increases blood pressure.

Is applied at elevated pressure hematite use for therapeutic purposes is not recommended. Hand massage with Chinese spheres of hematite.

Rhinestone. Occurs in the form of prismatic crystals with a pointed head rhombohedral. The crystal habit of the short to long sometimes like an obelisk, rare-headed, pointed on both sides crystals free growth. Often there are friends, there are aggregates well-formed crystals grown on the general basis of the parent rock – quartz vein. Rock crystal dimensions of crystals of one to several tens of centimeters in length. Rare species are small (2-5 mm) pyramidal crystals of rock crystal as a prism faces devoid of high gloss, granted to the places of their findings such misleading name like “marble diamonds”, “Cornish” and t. D.

Characteristic ability crystals – give twin accretion (the so-called Brazilian counterparts). Particularly interesting Japanese counterparts, have been reported in Japan, in which two fused crystal located almost at right angles to each other.

In crystals of rock crystal may be present tiny gas-liquid inclusions containing water and carbon dioxide ( “crystals with memory” in esoterics) and solid inclusions of various minerals – rutile (quartz-hair-), pyrite and other crystal.

Piezooptic and optical properties of rock : piezoelectric effect, i.e. the appearance of the electric charge at a pressure on the crystal, occurs only in crystals having no center of symmetry and are dielectrics like rock crystal.

Deposits: rock crystal quartz is found in the fields of different genesis. However, from a practical point of view, the most interesting are quartz veins alpine: Polar Ural and South Ural, Yakutia, Swiss and Italian Alps, Madagascar, Brazil, China.

Due to its remarkable properties (piezoelectricity, optical properties) rock crystal is used in the most diverse fields of science and technology.

Used together with smoky quartz as a jeweler-gemstone for manufacturing beads, necklaces, insertions, balls, and pyramids etc.v.

Therapeutic and magical properties: Antiquity invented magnifying glasses, spectacles, lenses, crystals of rock crystal. In ancient Tibet, Mongolia and China have used crystal balls through which passed the sun’s rays and ultraviolet light burned and heals the wounds of soldiers. Now do the same with doctors using a mercury-argon lamp with a shell made of quartz glass. The lenses of rock crystal used for the sacred Olympic flame ignition in ancient Greece. Crystal balls used by mages, priests and soothsayers at all times for clairvoyance, prediction of events, fate, evoking the spirits of ancestors and so on. D. We know from history that the court magician of Tamerlane Hindu Sat Chitdev used rock crystal, and with amazing accuracy predicted the events of fate , discovers the plot and called the exact date of the death of his master for thirty years until his end. He used a crystal ball in their predictions famous Bulgarian clairvoyant Vanga. Tibetan lamas use balls made of rock crystal and smoky quartz for the disclosure of the “third eye” and future predictions. Lighting his candle from the back side, they appear in a peer deep ball hazy images and on the basis of their decryption draw conclusions. For these purposes are not perfectly clean and transparent balls, and with the presence micro cracks, gas-liquid dust inclusions, veils and other simulating a “living Space”.

Of large crystals rhinestone American Indians – Aztecs and Mayans have done to their temples ritual crystal skulls, whose age is estimated between 20 and 50 thousand years. These unique products are kept in museums in London. It is known that large crystals Madagascar rock crystal (and here they reach 3 m in length and up) are used as sites for tombstones.

In Indian and Tibetan lithotherapy rock crystal has a leading role. It is believed that its power is easily adjusted to the human vibration cleanliness, regulates and stabilizes them. This amazing natural stabilizer of physical and mental condition of the person. Tibetan Llama-healers call it “live crystal” because six faces rhinestone crystals symbolize the six human chakras, and they converge at the top – the seventh chakra, which is heading into space, to the higher powers.

Rhinestone and its products are widely used in modern lithotherapy and at home. In the US, many are in the pocket of rock crystal, so they increased the concentration of energy and contribute to business success. In China, crystal balls used for manual massage (Yang energy) as well as small sharp crystals to stimulate the organism by pressing crystals on biologically active points.

Interested in the effects of rock crystal in the brain; research conducted known Litoterapists, MD L. V. Savinoy. Used rock crystal discs that were imposed on the point of Yin-chan (between the eyebrows). Alignment was achieved interhemispheric asymmetry, increased blood flow was observed in the frontal part of the brain. Hence the conclusion of the feasibility of using crystal applicators to relieve fatigue, increase work capacity. According to L. V. Savinoy, crystal improves the electrical processes in the brain, contributing to its productive work, promotes good of the spinal cord, relieves anxiety.

Rhinestone crystals laid on the heart chakra or the solar plexus, activate these areas, they help in the treatment of coronary heart disease, varicose veins, acute respiratory diseases. Very effective to eliminate the headache and blood pressure normalization beads made of natural rock crystal.

Methods of use: biostimulation body by pressing crystals on biologically active points la-gun, yin-tyanidr .;

> Attachment of crystal and natural crystal applicators;

> The use of crystal beads for normalization of pressure and relieving headaches;

> Chinese Massage with crystal balls;

> Harmonization organism using rock crystal crystal paired with mineral Yin (apatite, calcite, shungite, smoky quartz);

> Meditation with crystal balls.

It is useful to look at a candle flame through the rock crystal. It calms and causes clear thinking.

Smoky quartz. Painting stones smoky-gray, brown-brown, golden-brown to dark gray. Completely dark to black variety called morion.

Smoky quartz deposits are quite numerous, they are found mainly in the interstices among the granite pegmatites. Known deposits of smoky quartz in the Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Mongolia (Goriho, DzunBain et al.) In the US, Brazil, Madagascar.

Fumed silica has long been used as a decoration in the form of cut insert for rings, pendants, studs, etc.). It refers to jewelry and precious stones.

Smoky quartz, along with amethyst, citrine and rock crystal belongs to the noble, the most valuable members of the quartz family.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: smoky quartz – one of the most powerful energy of dark stones. It is a power of Pluto, it excites the imagination, it helps to disclose the “third eye”, because its purpose – to hold our idea of the darkness into the light of the subconscious area of illumination and super.

Smoky quartz, especially with a dark golden-brown tint – one of the best stones for meditation. Indian yogis consider it a major stumbling first chakra – Muladhara, because it stimulates, it helps cleanse the body and remove it from the stagnant, pathological energy wastes.

Especially revere him in the East – in India, China, and Mongolia. Buddhists consider him a “stone Buddha”. According to Indian sources, it is known that the crystal smoky quartz legendary cup was made with enormous magical powers: it was enough to touch or be near her healing aura as there is complete recovery from mental and physical ailments.

In lithotherapy use whole single crystals or their fragments. Forcefully have deformed ( “twisted”) crystals or crystalline poorly designed individuals with induction faces formed under restricted growth. They – like a coiled spring, concealing in itself unspent strength. Smoky quartz is able to deduce from a thin body and a physical negative energy to dissolve anger, irritability, relieve stress and pain. Suffice it to take a crystal of smoky quartz in each hand and hold it in your hands until it is warmer, not enter into resonance with your aura – you will feel relief. In Tibet, saying: “Do not strain yourself, for stress – death and relaxation – a life.” To be healthy in the stress of our busy lives, it is imperative to learn to control a state of mind, to know when to relax, relieve stress. Smoky quartz can be a faithful companion, a strong biostimulant and guardian of your health.

Pearl. Pearl – one of the most popular ancient jewels of organic origin. Its origin is connected with the process of vital activity of marine and freshwater mollusks.

The name “pearls” probably comes from the Chinese “zhen-zhu”. It is formed by depositing a mineral substance – aragonite around a foreign body in the mantle cavity of marine and freshwater mollusks. Since antiquity, it is ranked among precious stones, although their longevity is incommensurable. Over time, pearls lose luster, fade and crack as a result of the drying of the conch-olin – a substance cementing the aragonite crystals. However, the opinion that pearls must “fall ill” after 100-200 years is erroneous. There are historical reliable facts, when pearls preserved their beauty and shine for 300 and 400 years, and sometimes more, as evidenced by the excavations of Pompeii, where beautiful pearls were found, and the famous Preslov Gold Treasure (Bulgaria). Obviously, the durability of pearls depends largely on the storage conditions.

The color of pearls is very diverse – white, pink, blue, red, black, golden yellow.

Depending on the size of the pearl is divided into varietal, beads and pearl dust. The size of the pearls varies from small (up to 2.5 mm), medium (2.5-6 mm) to large (over 6 mm).

The world famous is the beautiful pearl “Pilgrim” in size with a walnut (found off the coast of India), the pearl “Regent” the size of a pigeon egg. The largest pearl of a bizarre shape called “The Pearl of Allah” measuring 24×14 cm and weighing 6.4 kg was extracted from a giant shell off the coast of the Philippine Islands.

An important property of pearls is shine. The greatest pearl with mother-of-pearl outflow is famous for the pearls of the Persian Gulf. The glitter in pearls is associated with the refraction and reflection of light rays in thin-laminated layers of aragonite.

With proper storage, pearls do not lose their beauty and “youth”. In order that it does not grow old, it must be worn, it must not be stored in a place that is too dry, and must be kept in the sunlight for a long time. Dull pearls can be sifted in salt water for “rejuvenation” or treated with carbon dioxide and then with ether. Pearls have long been tinted with various dyes, such pearls were considered false. This pearl was irreparably damaged, as the dyes destroy organic matter (conchiolin).

Sea pearls, cultivated according to the method of Kokikhi Mikimoto, patented back in 1896, are still widespread. By the method of Mikimoto, small pearls of pearls were placed in the shell of the mollusk, the pearl shell was brought back into the water and a few years later the pearls became larger.

At present, the method has been improved: a “nuclear” method has been developed (various substances and filler fabric are used as a core) and “non-nuclear” methods for growing pearls. In Japan and China, there are marine and river plantations for growing pearls. The size of the largest Japanese cultured pearls is 10-12 mm (2-3 years of “work” of the mollusk).

Cultured pearls in its composition and its properties, corresponds to the natural one, but the price of natural immeasurably higher. In addition to cultured pearls have long used various simulation it (hollow glass beads coated inside layer pearl essence, beads of pearl, plastic, coated with a lacquer, etc.).

Such imitation differ in density and luminescence in ultraviolet light.

Pearls are used as a jewel in the world -.. In the Middle East, India, China, Japan, Turkey, Rome, etc. In Russia pearl decorated clothes clerics and secular lords, festive clothes of ordinary people, they decorated the salaries of icons, crosses, blood vessels etc.properties:.

medical and magical on the medical action of pearls is mentioned in the “canon” of Avicenna, the ancient writings of Arabic medicine. And in the famous monument of Tibetan medicine “Chzhud-shi” is written that “the expiry of pearls stops the brain and helps in case of poisoning.” It is impossible, of course, taken literally word “expiration of the brain.” We are talking about nerve disorders, memory loss because of nerves, nervous weakness. We used it in these cases as well as in case of poisoning: inside in the various ingredients from plants, animal products and powders of different gems.

Indians revered pearls of living stone, which runs all the steps of the birth in the sink, development, maturity, old age and death. They compared “Magnard” (in the Indian “Pearl”) with a beauty that needs to love and cherish, admire her beauty, otherwise it will wither. That pearls are not dimmed, and kept its luster in India used a variety of methods for its rejuvenation: Let’s pearl swallow cock and then removed it from his crop is already shining, “rejuvenation”. Or entrusted the girl with a necklace of pearls tarnished 108 times swim in the surf.

In China, the Taoists revered “Zhen Zhu” above all, believing that it is “frozen feminine – Yin,” the elixir of youth, prolongs life. According to legend, Cleopatra even drank wine with dissolved in it a large gem to preserve their beauty and youth.

In Mongolia, the pearl was a symbol of power, wealth and familiar location for the guest. To show the purity of the master of the mind, in a cup of wine, supplied the guest of honor, was lowered pearl. She served as an indicator: if the wine is not poisoned, the pearl will not fade and will retain its wet shine.

Until now, in Mongolia and China believe that pearls lies miraculous healing power, which helps to treat cataracts and other eye diseases, hypertension, neurosis.

In Japan, pearl powder included in the powder for the treatment of neurasthenia. Wearing pearls helps in diseases of the digestive tract and especially the liver (jaundice), diabetes, kidney and urinary tract, for the initial stages of hypertension. Pearls contemplation of a beneficial effect on the psyche of overexcited, brings peace and pacification.

Cacholong. Deposits of this type of stone known in Uzbekistan, Mongolia, India. Rare jewelry and gemstone, highly prized in the East.

Medicinal and magical properties: India has long been revered for cacholong pure white, and called him “petrified milk sacred cows.”

Mongols cacholong identify with the sacred lotus flower Buddhist – a symbol of undying spiritual purity. They believe that it is associated with motherhood, strengthens the health of women, facilitating their delivery.

Cacholong symbolized by the color pure state of mind and thoughts, it is good to use for meditation, for calming and clearing the mind of anxiety.

Typically, quartz is found in the form of solid granular masses milky white color, the individual grains (in the rocks), also common oriented quartz intergrowths with feldspars (graphic pegmatite).

The most valuable and rare varieties of crystalline Quartz:

>rhinestone – colorless, leading-transparent;

> Amethyst – purple;

> Citrine – lemon yellow;

> Smoky quartz (rauchtopaz) – smoky gray;

> Morion – black.

In addition, stands out it fine fiber (cryptocrystalline) kind – chalcedony, water-containing colloidal silica – ocellar opal and quartz (cat, falcon, tiger’s eye).

Typically quartz occurs as monomineral quartz veins in nuclei pegmatite veins and so on. G., In many regions (Ural, Siberia, Kola Peninsula, Karelia).

Quartz mixture to activate the drinking water.

Quartz mixture includes at different varieties of natural crystalline quartz: rock crystal (colorless), amethyst (purple), smoky quartz and pink and sard (without inclusions) and cacholong (porcelaneous variety opal) – only 6 species.

Each of the components of their special nature and radiation stimulates certain power nodes chakras and acts beneficially on the all organs in general.

Rhinestone – more “in tune” the human body is a conductor of energy of the cosmos on the physical body, it contributes to the accumulation of this energy and transfer it to all energy nodes and channels.

Amethyst – reflects the violet ray acting on the spiritual sphere, it establishes inner balance and peace.

Rose Quartz – physician of internal wounds, good effect on the heart.

Cornelian – stone umbilical chakras eliminating various gastric diseases, poor digestion, constipation, kidney, bladder, and others, revitalizing and rejuvenating the entire body..

Smoky Quartz – first chakra stone associated with the anus, stimulates the removal from the body of waste products, toxins.

Cacholong – has long been used by Arab and Chinese healers for treatment of tuberculosis, asthma, kidney stones and other illnesses.

Mineral mixture consists of crystals, crystal fragments, rounded stones ranging in size from 1 to 5 cm mixture:.

Method use a Cooked mineral mix is removed from the plastic bag, washed with boiling water. Then it is placed in a 2- or 3-liter jar and filled with boiled water, previously passed through a mineral filter. Thereafter, a water bank is placed on the morning sunlight from 1 to 3 hours (preferably from 8 to 11 hours), or (in the absence of sunshine) for the whole day. When exposed to ultraviolet sunlight water charging healing vibrations of stones and as a result – a life-giving elixir of vitality and health is ready for use.

Take half a cup of water every day ordinary room temperature 3 times a day. Healthy people (on the system of yoga) is recommended to drink daily 2-3 glasses of charged water, gradually increasing drinking diet and bringing it up to 6-8 cups. Charged via multicolored quartz water becomes biologically active and useful for stimulating all people and rejuvenation, and prevention of various diseases.

The charged water is stored in a glass jar or bottle in a conventional or a cool place. Biologically active water It beneficial effect is also suitable for outdoor use (e. Overlay wetting and lotions, compresses for bruises, cuts, burns, etc.) To the skin, softening it, smoothing wrinkles, making it smooth and supple.

Quartzcat. Quartzeye, comprising bright thin oriented fibers minerals (asbestos, actinolite). When processing such a stone on the convex surface of the cabochon at turn arises luminous greenish strip resembling a cat’s eye.

The deposits are known in India, Sri Lanka, Brazil.

Medicinal and magical properties: has long been considered a stone-talisman that protects its wearer from negative effects of the “evil eye” that strengthens family ties and protects against adultery. It was cha that the cat’s eye promotes healing insomnia, neurosis, hypertension, anemia.

Coral. Coral – skeletal formations of marine polyps.

The black coral contained the greatest amount of organic matter, sometimes reaching up to 90%.

Corals are a favorite decoration since ancient times. It was used in ancient Sumerian kingdom, Egypt, Greece. Pink coral is the ancient Greeks was a symbol of immortality and happiness.

Medicinal and magical properties: India corals revered not only for its beauty, but also for medicinal and magical properties. Especially prized meat and red ( “Fire”), coral, pale pink ( “angel skin”), black coral ( “Akabar”) and exceptionally rare blue coral ( “Akori”). Coral produced beads, pendants, rings, charms and used untreated coral tree branching form. Red coral, according to “Ayurveda”, contains elements of water, earth and fire. It applies to Pitta (bodily energy management metabolism, body temperature, skin condition, digestion and so on.).

Coral, on the “Ayurveda”, clears the blood and regulates the exchange of substances will neutralize the negative state (anger, envy, etc.), Is useful in thyroid diseases, asthma, and worn powder is used in the treatment of eye diseases. Coral is used as a medicine in China, Mongolia and (for the treatment of thyroid gland). In Japan, white corals are used as reducing bone fractures when, in dentistry. In Portugal, coral beads used for headaches, in Mexico – from a fever in England

– from a sore throat. In lithotherapy coral as a doctor is used in diseases of the throat, tumors, diseases of the cardiovascular system, depressions, psychoneuroses, and others.

Main name was in honor of the French geologist P. Cordier. Synonyms are related to its similarity to the sapphire for the violet color (iolite – “violet stone”) and a strong dichroism.

Flint. Flint – tight unit cryptocrystalline and amorphous silica chalcedony, quartz and opal.

Often contains impurity other minerals (carbonates, glauconite, iron hydroxides and atomized organics), which gives it a different color -. Gray, brown, brown, etc.

Title presumably comes from the Greek “kremnos” – burn (from properties of the stone with the impact given spark) .

Formed from the skeletal remains of flint organisms – silica gel, which, dehydrating and condensing passes into opal, chalcedony and then. Often it contains inclusions of organic residues.

Occurs in the form nodules (nodules) is preferably in limestone without forming aged formations.

Flint deposits are known in Russia, Belarus, Germany (Rügen Island), in Denmark, England, Israel.

Large concentrations of decorative flints are among agate placers in Mongolia.

In the Stone Age flint, due to the high hardness and ability to shatter into thin plate served as an important material for making tools (knives, scrapers, etc. and lugs.). Since the XVIII century, it was used for striking a spark in the flint guns.

In our time, silicon is used as a grinding and polishing material, in the form of mill stones for grinding cement and decorative species are used as jewelry and gemstone.

Medicinal and magical properties: flint in many European and Asian nations is a stone-talisman. It was stored in the house to enhance family well-being, because it makes protective amulets. The Mongolian healing practices silicon holy saffron-yellow color ( “color Lamaism”) used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases (contact effect on the solar plexus).

Lapis. Lapis is named for the bright blue color, presumably from the Arab, “Azul” – “sky”.

Coloration uniform, often spotty. In Afghanistan, to distinguish

3 main varieties of lapis lazuli: niili (indigo-blue, the most valuable), Asmani (sky blue, less valuable) and sufsi (greenish-blue, the cheapest).

In addition to blue or blue lapis lazuli stone found in the inclusion of calcite white, green diopside, golden pyrite and other minerals. In this regard, more properly called lapis lazuli rock.

The inclusion of gray and white spots of other minerals in the rock reduce its decorative qualities. Inclusions golden pyrite conversely enhance the appearance of lazurite.

Deposits of rare stones. The main source of the best in the world is Afghanistan lapis lazuli (mine Sari-Sang in Badakhshan province, known more for 5-6 thousand years BC). The second source of size and quality of raw materials is Pamir (Lyadzhd-vardarinskoe field in Tajikistan). Later, lapis lazuli opened in 1851. In it the blue color mixed with purple hues. On the quality of Baikal lapis lazuli gives Pamir. Small deposits of lapis lazuli, low quality known in Chile, in a mountainous area of the Chilean Andes.

Lapis lazuli as the jewelry and gemstone has been known since ancient times. In ancient Egypt, China, Greece, Rome, from this stone produced various ornaments:.. Amulets, vases, boxes, bottles, Buddha statues, etc. In Tibet and Mongolia, of lapis lazuli made sacred religious attributes, at times it was valued more than gold.

In Russia, of lapis lazuli in the XVIII-XIX centuries produced beautiful vases and table tops, which are stored in the State Hermitage. Columns of St. Isaac’s Cathedral altar decorated with lapis lazuli Afghanistan Badakhshan because the chief architect of the Cathedral of Ogyust Monferran considered him the best as compared to the Baikal.

Medicinal and magical properties: in India, in addition to the manufacture of lapis lazuli sacred attributes used it for medicinal purposes. The “Ayurveda” states that it is a heavenly stone containing the elements – air and fire. This stone enhances the physical body, the mind and consciousness and is recommended for the stimulation of the whole organism, and treatment of eye diseases. Yoga lapis lazuli used for the purification of the aura from negative influences from disturbing thoughts, old memories, grief, and other things that should erase the memory. For this purpose, according to yogic technique should be attached to the lapis lazuli “third eye”, to focus in meditation for a few minutes.

It has long been noted that the deep blue lapis lazuli calms, helps get rid of depression, promotes peace, healing, develops intuition, and so on.

Since ancient times, and today is used by jewelers as the best touchstone for determining the sample of gold and silver.

It occurs in Karelia among ordinary shungites forming thin layers and lenses.

Lydian stone found in Turkey and in Germany (Rhenish Slate Mountains).

Used as jewelry and ornamental stone for making beads, necklaces and beads from the famous Lydian stone, have a good sedative effect.

Moonstone. The name given for the blue or silver-white overflow, caused by the thin structure of the mineral.

Conventionally refers to the lunar stone selenite – translucent fibrous gypsum.

Moonstone in nature is rare.

Deposits of the best known moon rocks in Sri Lanka, India and Burma in the quartz-feldspar gneisses. Moonstone – gem quality sanidine known in Mongolia (Khangai). Deposits opaque moonstone – belomorita – associated with ceramic and pegmatite mica-bearing and are in Karelia (Heto-Lambin, Mica Bohr et al.).

Medicinal and magical properties: magic is believed that moonstone is deeply connected with the moon. Some magicians believe that it should be used in accordance with the lunar phases, and its magic power higher during the full moon.

Moonstone (in the Indian “dzhandarakand”, which means “moonlight”) – one of the most revered fans of the moon stones in India. They believed that it absorbs energy lunar cooled, soothes mind awakens people dreaming, tenderness, anger, and eliminates internal strain.

In Tibetan medicine dzhandarakand used to treat epilepsy and mental illness.

Energy: receptive (YIN).

Chakra: Anahata.

Methods of use: wearing decorations with meditation balls of belomorita contemplation mosaic panel with lunar rock.

Magnetite. Name is associated with the ancient Greek shepherd Magnus, who reportedly first noticed that the nails of his sandals pulled him this strange stone. In ancient times it was called differently: “Protection of stone”, “stone Herculean”, “hematopoietic stone”, etc. And in each of the titles reflected one of the many amazing features of this ferruginous mineral…

Medicinal and magical properties: its magnetic properties have been known since ancient times in China. There he was considered feminine (yin) stone, as it attracted the iron, just as feminine charms attract the hearts of men. He was considered as a strong stone guard, defend against enemies. Ancient manuscripts are mentioned magnetic gate of one of the princely castles, through which he could not pass a one-armed man.

 Magnetite in the form of crushed powder, used in medicine as a hematopoietic agent for anemia, severe blood loss and general weakness, that is, when the body needs iron, part of the blood. He has not lost its value and a magnetic stone in modern medicine. For example, using a magnetic probe from the airway and stomach in case of accidents are extracted nails, needles or other metal objects. It discloses the use of the magnetic stone special magnetic bracelets, various Biocorrector and balls for stimulation and health of an organism. There is evidence that the magnetite helps with pain in the joints (for this purpose it is necessary to keep the stone in his hand), headaches, atherosclerosis, at healing wounds and fractures.

Magnetite in nature looks different: usually a continuous granular mass in the iron ore deposits and relatively seldom in the form of clear crystals octahedra (octahedron). A well-deserved reputation among collectors and lovers of the stone enjoys the crystalline magnetite Kovdor iron ore deposit on the Kola Peninsula.

Malachite. Malachite’s name comes from the Greek. “Malachite” – Mallow (in green).

Special properties: brittle, easily processed, receives a mirror finish.

Forms selection: often in the form of sinter nodular aggregates zonal-concentric structure.

Deposits: areas formed in the copper-sulfide deposits oxidation. The main supplier of malachite on the world market is Africa (Zaire), but the color and beauty of the patterns he concedes the Urals.

Malachite – valuable jewelry and gemstone. Widely used since antiquity (ancient Egypt, Greece, India) in jewelry for making vases, table tops as obscene for cladding the columns in the temples (the columns of the altar of St. Isaac’s Cathedral, finishing the Malachite Hall of the Winter Palace of St. Petersburg).

Medicinal and magical properties: at all times and in many nations malachite was considered a “stone of health”, a talisman from diseases, “evil eye” and a variety of ills. It was believed that the most useful light ( “turquoise”) color of malachite, especially in the treatment of heart and lung.

The Indian “Ayurveda” malachite is recommended for application to the heart chakra and the blocked areas of the body to “dissolve” the power plugs and open them to the passage of bioenergy flows. Laid on the solar plexus “ring malachite” (concentric zonal pattern) removes emotional stress, energy levels between the heart and umbilical chakras. Generally malachite on his Yin essence absorbs and dissolves a negative processes in the body, for its main purpose as a healer-stone to create a physical and emotional harmony in the body. In Indian healing practice particularly highly prized azure blue-green malachite, where it acts as a close union with the blue copper (azurite). It was used to overlay on the Ajna chakra ( “third eye”) than was achieved by purification of the subconscious resentments, anxieties, fears and obsessions. In today’s eastern and western lithotherapy it believed that malachite is useful in diseases of the heart, improves the function of the pancreas and spleen, promotes tissue regeneration, soothes the nervous system, beneficial effects on the pituitary and pineal gland. According to some American researchers, malachite is a good anti-radiation means.

Due to the fact that negative malachite strongly absorbs energy, it needs to be cleaned after each use (using stone pyramids, drusen rock crystal, zeolites).

Jade. The name comes from the Greek. “Nefros” – “kidney”.

Predominantly green color of the stone with different shades, less white (opaque), watery translucent white, gray and white color lard, yellow, red ( “rooster”), and a bluish black. The color depends on the impurities of iron, chromium, manganese, etc. Color pure nephritis containing ferrous impurity less than 1%, -. White. As the content of iron oxide in nephritis is enhanced density of its green color. Yellow, red and brown coloration associated with secondary staining hydroxides of iron under the action of groundwater or the oxidation of ferrous minerals. In nephritis occur as impurities grain chromite, magnetite, serpentine, chlorite, calcite, etc.eye)..

Occasionally encountered nephritis oriented asbestos fibers, creating beautiful iridescence resembling cat’s eye (a kind – jade cat’s

Forms continuous confusedly fibrous dense (a felt) units. The most viscous and dense around the mineral kingdom. Due to the high viscosity of the lumps of jade is usually not possible to break away even a small sample of the hammer.

In nature, the jade is rare. Practical interest boulder placer nephritis and primary deposits in serpentinite (coils).

Jade deposits in Russia are known in the Eastern and Western Sayan Mountains,

Buryat, the Polar Urals. The most well known from historical times the deposit in China (the Kunlun mountain range area), where there are all kinds of jade color. Lovely green jade available in New Zealand, white and light gray jade is in the US, there are small deposits of jade in Poland, Germany, Italy, Austria.

Jade is considered to be China’s national stone, which was used from the II millennium BC. The Chinese worshiped him, called him the “eternal”, “sacred”, “Imperial”, “stone of eternal love”, “a stone of tranquility” and so forth. On the jade properties was written by the famous treatise “Ku Yu-tu-pu”, consisting of hundred volumes (XII century). It particularly noted that white nephritis – a nectar which fed gods give immortality. Jade Emperor Signs Manufacturing power – force rods, hats and belts made of jade plates, which are published in walking melodic sound (nephritis – the only one of the stones, which publishes on impact melodic sound).

According to Al-Biruni, jade from ancient Turks and Mongols considered the stone of victory, and for this reason they decorated their jade swords, belts, saddles, rings worn. Jade and used in diseases of the stomach, as the nomads eat roughage.

In China, the Taoists attributed jade – medium strong yang – the ability to give vitality, good health and longevity. They were holding batons phallic-shaped jade and white jade pounded added to the “elixir of immortality” – a drink to preserve youth and health. Notable Chinese wore jade belts, bracelets, all kinds of healing amulets of jade from various ailments, including kidney disease. Emperors afford the luxury – to put under his head jade pillow, keeps you cool in hot weather, giving vitality and youth. This tradition has survived to this day in China, which are produced in large quantities pillows made of jade or serpentine akin to jade. Still preserved the faith that keeps you young jade, it helps to smooth facial wrinkles and makes skin supple. To this end, China produced jade massage rollers, widely spread in Russia.

In ancient China, it was believed that jade is eternal, not subject to any changes, and remains stable in all conditions. It was used even when buried royal personages. In one of the graves of the second century BC, the deceased prince Liu Sheng was dressed completely from head to toe in a jade suit, comprised of the 2,500 plates of green jade, gold wires are connected. It was believed that the body is sheathed in jade should be transformed into the stone itself and adopt his incorruptibility.

Green Chinese jade was made commander of the tomb of Tamerlane (Timur) in the Gur Emir mausoleum in Samarkand (Uzbekistan). Jade made valuable] gifts of royalty. Since Tsar Nicholas II at his coronation, the Chinese Embassy has presented the imperial jade scepter in gold.

As a remedy Jade is widely used in modern China and other countries in Central and South-East Asia. In recent years it has been applied in the western lithotherapy.

Stone for medicinal purposes made jade pillow, massager, balls, medical bracelets.

Jade pillow – an ancient Chinese remedy based on the healing properties of jade.

Currently, it is made in China “long life” company. On the jade pillow in China the patent, and in 1991 the competition medical inventions, she received the “Gold Award” and the prize “for Tai.”

For pillows used white, grayish-white and green Chinese jade (Xu), held a special study.

According to them, nephritis is a rare treasure for the human body. He takes off the heat in the stomach, normalizes blood pressure, improves heart and lungs, helps regulate voice, protects hair from drying out, strengthens internal organs, liver, stomach, heart, bones, whole blood system, sight, sound and spirit.

According to modern medical practice (on the conclusion of the expert committee in 1991), of 100 observed in patients who used jade pillow from 2 to 10 months, 98 dizziness was filmed serinsomnia, strengthen the nervous system, lowering high blood pressure, significantly normalized blood vessels, wrinkles, improved renal, urogenital system, female adjust functions, improved blood composition, memory improvement occurred.

Pillow is harmless. From her only advantage. At the conclusion of the Commission, since 1990 the average life expectancy at using it has increased from 65 to 67 years. Pillow prevents the occurrence of chronic diseases and opens up new ways of prolonging life. Medicinal properties of nephritis are determined by its composition and micronutrient low temperature physical features exclusively favorable to the human body. Upon contact with the head nephritis occurs static electromagnetic field that beneficially affects the central nervous system, cleanses and normalizes the nervous flow, through a plurality of points on nerve head. Massage stimulates blood circulation and helps in the brain, relieves fatigue. Jade pillow placed on the usual pillow. It acts through direct contact.

Opal.Opal’s name comes from the Sanskrit word “dropped”, that means “precious stone.”

Type allocated two opals: Noble (or precious) opals game with rainbow colors (opalescence) and ordinary opals beautifully painted, but devoid iris game.

Field: the largest field of precious opal, known since ancient times, is located in Hungary (in the district of Saros). There are as thin veinlets among ordinary solid opal; occur among the volcanic rocks of andesite. There are large opals weight to 1 kg.

Currently, the leading role belongs to the Australian opal, which are found in the form of thin veins and plates among sandstones. High quality opals and superior Hungarian. Known deposits of precious opal in the United States (Nevada), and is noted for its presence in petrified wood. In Mexico, there are deposits of precious opal and opal fire orange-red color. In the Ukraine (Transcarpathia) known finds an ordinary opal in Kazakhstan and Altai common fire opal.

Opal has been known since antiquity and was exported mainly from India. However, in Roman times, and almost to the XIX century the main source of opals remained Hungary. Opal was very popular in Rome. Known historical fact that the senator Nonius abandoned home and native land, but did not give a ring with opal the size of a walnut at the request of Emperor Mark Antony.

In the XIX century, the popularity of opal partially passed as a result of prejudice by which this stone was considered unlucky. Perhaps this was due to an unfortunate property of opals crack in the air, losing the game and transparency in dehydration or contact with fats and oils. In connection with this opal should be protected from the abrupt change in temperature from contact with fats, makeup lowered periodically into water and t. D.

Currently, the most valuable are opals from Australia (variegated harlequin-opals black with patterned patterned et al. ).

More common fire opal red or orange flowers from Mexico and common opal – colorless like glass overflowing with weak bluish and yellowish.

Medicinal and magical properties: in the East, particularly in India, has long idolized this gem, considering it a stone of love, faith and compassion. It was believed that it helps the growth of children, illuminates his mind game, dissolves gloomy thoughts and fears, promotes communication between people and friendly relations. In the “Ayurveda” it states that opal comprises three elements: water, fire, fat and it is useful as a physician for people having vata- and kapha. It is recommended to wear an opal on his right index finger in gold or cervical bracelet in gold necklace. Indian magicians have used opals to remember past lives, holding it in his hands and staring at him. Used in other magical rituals.

As a healing stone opal used in Hungary, the Czech Republic and Germany. In particular it is used in their practice court physician of Emperor Rudolph Bohemian Boetius de Boot (XVII century). He wrote: “… in disgrace incredible mixture of colors and the play of light, it calms nerves, helps in diseases of the heart, melancholy, fainting, keeps from the stormy passions, irritation, restores visual acuity and eyes shine.” It used in modern lithotherapy. As a healer, the doctor heart, nerves, acting on the pituitary and pineal gland, which develops intuition.

Mineralogical Class: rock fine marble. Named by the presence of a noble breed of serpentine – ofit. It is distinguished by a salad-green, gray-green color and unique pattern – banded or mesh-patterned resembling jasper.

Industrial deposits are confined to the contact of limestone with serpentinite (coils) and are known in Ural (Satkinskoe deposit), in Central Asia, the Caucasus, Ukraine.

As a decorative stone, it was used in Ancient Rome and Byzantium, was exported from Greece to Russia until it was discovered in the Urals (Satkinskoe deposit).

Ural ofiokaltsit widely used for cladding and interior finishing of buildings, for the manufacture of vases, table tops and small crafts.

Modern stonecutters ofiokaltsit widely used for making vases, boxes, balls, eggs, trinkets and beads and beads. Ural ofiokaltsit proved fertile material for artists to create a picture of the stone.

Used ofiokaltsit and lithotherapy, as it has a harmonizing effect, because it contains a part of two interconnected yin (marble) and yang (ophite).

In modern lithotherapy used balls from ofiokaltsit manual Chinese massage. This procedure allows you to restore the yin-yang balance in the body, improves circulation, helps with neurasthenia, muscle spasms, and shake hands.

Ruby. Ruby received a name for the red color (from the Latin for “Ruby.” – “red”). In the old days it was called ruby Yakhont, and in Russia isolated “ruby scarlet” and “sapphire azure”, ie “Blue Sapphire”.

Translucent or transparent. Strong pleochroism (from yellowish-red to brown).

Luminescence: strong, brown-red color. Fragile. Two-pyramidal forms hexagonal crystals.

The main chromophore (dye) in ruby is chromium, iron attaches brownish shades. Most rubies are valued so-called color “pigeon blood” – a pure red with a faint purplish tinge. Natural crystals have ruby or oily dull luster, sparkle but cut like a diamond.

The rubies are often found to include other minerals, most of rutile. However, this is not a defect, but rather increases its value. Needle-like inclusions of rutile and create a silky shimmer effect “cat’s eye” or identify highly valued asterism – a six-figure star, arising on the stone surface treated cabochon.

Jewelry rubies are formed by contact metamorphism of dolomitic limestone exposed granite. There are fields in the green rocks – amphibolite (Tanzania) in ultrabasic rocks (Polar Ural) in pegmatite (Pamir). Mined rubies as alluvial (river) placers.

Ruby deposits are known in Burma, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Tanzania. The most famous deposits of rubies from Mogok in Burma. In Russia, the only manifestation of the ruby is Makar-Rus in the Polar Urals, there are finds of ruby in the peculiar pagmatites of the Pamirs in Tajikistan.

Opaque red and purple corundum (ruby-like) of collector quality is found in North Karelia (the Hit-island deposit).

Ruby – a precious stone of grade 1, valued on a par with diamonds. The great medieval scholar Al-Biruni has the words: “The yahont is the first among the precious stones, the most beautiful and expensive.” Used for insertions in jewelry, decorated crowns and regalia of shahs, sultans, kings as a symbol of divine power and unshakable strength. Rubies adorn ancient Russian regalia – “Monomakh’s Hat” and the scepter of Moscow’s kings and much more, stored in the Kremlin’s Armory.

It is known that the ruby was the favorite stone of Ivan the Terrible, who did not part with him and showed his ring with a ruby to the English ambassador to Gorse, he said that the ruby “heals the heart, brain, strength and memory of a person”.

Healing and magical properties: in India, the ruby was one of the most revered magical stones. Indian magicians called it a clot of hot dragon blood, capable of giving unlimited power and exerting an irresistible impact on people.

Ruby was also used in Indian lithotherapy. In “Ayurveda” about ruby it is said that it contains fire, air and ether. It helps concentration and gives mental strength, strengthens the heart. In Ayurveda in particular it says: “… Pitta people are sensitive to this stone, but it is good for excess cotton and kapha. It must be worn on the left ring finger in a gold or silver ring. ” Modern lithotherapists divert the ruby a big role in the healing of various ailments. It is believed that it contributes to the cure of blood diseases, chronic tonsillitis, diseases of the spine and joints. In addition, the ruby’s ability to prevent epileptic seizures, positively influence the nervous system, relieve depression, help with insomnia and schizophrenia is noted. Now ruby along with sapphire has found a unique application in the most modern medicine. Monocrystals of precious corundum turned out to be possible to implant in body tissues, because they are inert and do not react with acids and alkalis. Used in medicine as a remedy: a radiating laser from a synthetic ruby for “sewing” the retina, when removing birthmarks, in dentistry and other branches of medicine.

Doctors say that the red ray of the ruby activates the immune system, increases the rate of metabolic reactions, suppresses inflammatory processes and regenerates tissues faster. Light ruby radiation has a beneficial effect on the brain and heart, strengthens the immune system, increases vitality and potentia.

Therapeutic and magical properties: sodalite is considered a meditative stone. In the opinion of Catherine Raphael, this is one of the stones of the “third eye”, which cleanses the mind and adjusts it to inner vision and obtaining intuitive knowledge.

In practical magic, Scott Cunningham sodalite is considered a good healer of psychoneurotic states. It is useful to carry to dispel fears, tension and establish inner harmony.

Sapphire. Sapphire’s name comes from the Greek. “Sapfeyros” – “blue stone”.

Socially oriented sapphires are found thin needles of rutile, so that when there is a stone cut asterism effect in the form of three- and six-rayed star. Such stones are called star sapphires, which are particularly appreciated at all times.

Sapphires are found in the form of columnar and lamellar crystals of small size. There are rare occurrences of rock mass greater than 1 kg. In Sri Lanka found sapphire weighing about 19 kg.

Large faceted sapphires are the pride of the various museums in the world. The Diamond Fund of Russia kept the crown “Imperial Power”, the top of which is decorated with a magnificent sapphire from Sri Lanka weighing 200 carats. The largest star sapphire “Star of India” is stored in the Museum of Natural Sciences in New York, the British crown – “Sapphire Stuart” with the size of 3,8-2,5 cm, and so onSri..

sapphire deposits have been known since ancient times in India, Lanka, Burma, as well as in the US (Covey Creek) and in Finland. In Russia, the manifestations of sapphire (non-gem quality) are known in the Kola Peninsula (Khibiny).

Sapphire was known in ancient Egypt, Judah, and other Middle Eastern countries. Supreme Egyptian priest wore on his chest sapphire, on which was inscribed the image of the goddess of truth. In “Revelation” John the Theologian sapphire marked the penultimate stage of the 12-step pyramid, leading to the heavenly city of Jerusalem. The ancients paid homage to the magic power of the deep blue color. According to the eminent theologian Pavel Florensky, it “There’s see the symbol of the soul, rushing to eternity.” By the way, in China there was a belief that the sky blue color symbolizes the soul after death. Most strongly manifested in the ordinances star sapphires, within which the processing of cabochon opened luminous three- and six-rayed star. According to Elifas Levi (in his treatise “The stone – a living thing”), three intersecting lines in a star sapphire represent the three pillars of human life – Faith, Hope and Love. This is true of the Christian rock for so called martyrs sisters mentioned in the Orthodox calendar.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: India sapphire is a stone of wisdom, closely connected with the cosmos, and has incorporated the blue, cold astral color. It was believed that a sapphire protects from anger and fear, purifies the soul, gives enlightenment of consciousness and stimulates the inner focus and concentration especially during prayers. Especially appreciated in India star sapphire with six-pointed star.

Six-pointed star in Buddhism – an air sign, and perfect harmony. It is formed by two triangles: triangle, looking up – symbolizes Shiva deity, masculine yang, and the triangle with the top down – it is Shakti, the feminine yin. Balance is achieved when these two forces are joined in harmony, in a six-pointed star.

According to the Indian “Ayurveda”, sapphire affects wool (solid air control breathing, blinking of the eyelids, the pulsation of the heart and so on.) And helps neuralgia, epilepsy, hysteria, sciatica, with all other Vata disorders. Recommendations: worn around the neck in a gold frame.

The only source of this unusual natural stone is in Turkey (mine Eskisehir in Anatolia).

Medicinal and magical properties: one of the most popular Turkish stone, is widely used in stone-cutting business for the manufacture of pipes and cigarette holders, all kinds of jewelry, as well as popular beads having a healing effect.

Energy: receptive (YIN).

CepgoAuk, kapneoA

mineralogical class: the composition and properties of the twins and are chalcedony – Private crystalline quartz.

Carnelian. Name “carnelian” comes from the Greek “sardion” or “sardolit”, which means “stone of Sardis” – an ancient city in the state of Lydia (the territory of present-day Turkey).

Color stone: from yellow, orange to reddish-brown and the meat is red, which has its own name carnelian (from the Latin “karneus” – meat or dogwood).

Uneven coloring, glassy luster, hardness 6.5-7, translucent, semi-transparent. To enhance color sard long long heated in the sun in hot sand or calcined simmered in a mixture with the clay.

It occurs naturally in the form of nodules in the tonsils and volcanic rocks (basalt), as well as surface scatterings.

In Russia, carnelian deposit known in the Trans-Baikal region, Yakutia and the Crimea. In Crimea, gained fame carnelian bay near Koktebel, where beach placers meet the unique and the only of its therapeutic effect carnelian.

Carnelian mined in India, Arabia, Brazil, Uruguay. Carnelians vast natural larder is the Gobi Desert in Mongolia, where there are dozens of industrial placers with great beauty and quality of the stone.

Cornelian known since ancient times to the Egyptians, Sumerians, Arab, Jews, Indians and others. ‘Revelation’ John the Theologian sard named sixth stone decorating base heavenly Jerusalem. Cornelians been the subject of successful extraction and manufacture of which a plurality of ornaments in the form of beads, rings, charms, wards. Known pectoral pendant pharaoh Tutankhamun, carved from a reddish carnelian heart-shaped, which was supposed to embody the eternal living soul of the pharaoh.

Egyptians believed carnelian most magical, extremely happy and wellness stone, protects from evil spells and dangers in life, able to ensure a peaceful descent into the afterlife and stay in it. And in this life and for its feature carnelian invariably accompanied the Egyptian. And I die with him.

The Arabs were “Akiko” (carnelian) as amulets carved with prayers from the Qur’an or the names of the saints, they had to protect their owners from envy and the “evil eye.” Signet seal of carnelian with Arabic inscription worn by Napoleon Bonaparte, which he had acquired during the Egyptian campaign. Rings and mascots of carnelian were Pushkin, Byron, Yesenin. Buckle of Indian carnelian wore on his belt as a talisman warlord Tamerlane.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: the ancient Egyptian healers used carnelian for medicinal purposes. This was added to powders and medicine as a sedative and stimulating means. It recommended to wear a carnelian in a ring for the normalization of cardiac activity, and carnelian beads and necklaces worn in thyroid diseases. Thus, for four thousand years ago, ancient doctors discovered the healing properties of this mineral, laying the foundation of therapy cornelian. Carnelian used for medicinal purposes the ancient peoples of Central Asia – the Chinese, the Huns, the Mongols. Especially revered was this stone in India. The Indian “Ayurveda” is said that the orange color of the stone is able to restore the nervous and muscular tissue, it helps in diseases of the genitourinary and pulmonary systems, regulates metabolism, stimulates the endocrine glands, improves blood circulation and skin color. Yoga is considered a potent stimulator of carnelian lower chakras. Yellow sard placed on the solar plexus, and it helps with poor digestion, constipation, renal diseases. The orange-red carnelian carnelian or stimulates sexual chakra, helps to purify the blood. The reddish cornelian (carnelian) Jansky beginning, it froze the fire element in the yellow cornelian harmoniously combined yin and yang.

In Mongolian folk medicine carnelian from the Gobi Desert was used in the treatment of Graves’ disease, it was worn on the body to promote rapid healing of wounds and ulcers, and regulate blood to pacify nervous diseases. Genuine healing properties of carnelian opened only in our time, when a new original method has been created – Therapy cornelian.

Topaz. Title of. Topazion (now on. Zeberged) in the Red Sea.

Topaz is found in granitic pegmatites and miarolitic greisens with miarolitic voids. The main deposits are topaz in Ukraine (Volin) and Ural (area Murzinka), small – in East Zabaikalye. Of chamber pegmatites Ukraine learned many of the unique size and quality of the topaz, including gem quality. Topaz known in Brazil, Madagascar and Sri Lanka.

Popular at all times gemstone.

Medicinal and magical properties: magic was considered one of the gems that have a strong protective effect from the “evil eye”, sorcery and other negative influences. As the doctor removes negative emotions -. Depression, fear, doubt, anger, etc.

Indian yogis believe topaz stone-stimulator of the highest chakra – Sahasrara. In yogic practice, topaz was used in meditation to achieve the vision of pervasive personality connection with the Universal Mind.

Tourmaline. Tourmaline’s name comes from the Sinhalese “Thurman”.

There are the following color varieties of tourmaline:

Rubellite (Latin for “red”) – the color from pink to rubinovokrasnogo;

Verdelho (Latin for “green stone”), is green with various shades;

Indicolite (the name was in color), the color blue with different shades;

Drava (the name of the field Drava in Australia), the color of Yellowish-crustacean to dark brown;

Shirley Black, the most common type;

Ahroit (in Greek “colorless”), a rare, almost colorless species;

Polychromatic (multicolor) tourmaline – in a single chip can distinguish areas of pink, green, blue, etc.-.

Long Prismatic occurs in the form of crystals, in cross-section Characteristic spherical triangle. On the surface of the crystal along the elongation – distinct longitudinal hatching. Special properties: tourmaline crystal under heating or compression, or friction therein an electric charge (at one end of the crystal is positively charged and the other negative), then electrified crystal attracts dust and small pieces of paper (pyro- and piezoelectric phenomenon). There are tourmalines, mainly in pegmatites and alluvial deposits. The deposits are known in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, India, South Africa, the United States, as well as in Switzerland and on the island of Elba.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: in the Indian lithotherapy used different color varieties of tourmaline, especially pink (rubellite), green (verdelite), blue (indicolite) and black (schorl).

Rubellite and verdelite considered a great healer of the heart chakra Anahata. According to the American Litoterapists Katrin Rafael, green tourmaline cleanses and strengthens the nervous system, helps with fatigue and exhaustion from all the green stones has the most powerful anti-aging properties.

It is useful to carry around, especially at strong nervous and physical activities, to quickly recover breakdowns ( “holes”) in the aura, formed as a result of stress or negative impact from the outside. The most common black tourmaline – schorl – created by nature to protect people, for forms around itself a protective aura that reflects all harmful influences. In US lithotherapy (Katrin Raphael et al.) Schorl used to output a negative power of the physical body, the resorption energy “slugging” in the aura. Black tourmaline enough to hold the wand (schorl) over the sore spot by turning it counterclockwise. To enhance the effect, you can put on the sore spot 3 rhinestone crystal directed peaks in the sore spots, and energy “plug” resolves. Blue Tourmaline (indicolite) in India was considered the stone of the Cosmos, and was used by yogis and astrologers to obtain information from higher intelligence.

Colorless Tourmaline (ahroit) – the seventh chakra stone – Sahasrara creates a balance of spiritual and physical strength, and clears the mind.

Watermelon Tourmaline – a kind of polychromatic tourmaline, whose core is red or pink, and the outer part of the green, reminiscent of watermelon on the cut. According to the well-known Western expert on practical magic and lithotherapy Scott Cunningham, “watermelon tourmaline” are to balance the projective (Jansky) and receptive (yin) energy within the body.

Ulexite. This stone has fiber properties (if the stone is put on the line of text, the letters “appear” on its surface).

Ulexite deposits are in the USA, Canada, Argentina and Chile.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: fashionable lately yuvelirnopodelochny stone, although most of the products made from synthetic materials. In the West, it is a stone-talisman.

Fluorite. The name comes from the Latin. “Fluorite” – “flow” (to use as a flux).

Deposits of stone: Decorative Fluorite as drusen known Fluorite veins Chita region (Abatatuy, Kalanga) in skams Maritime region (Dalnogorskoe deposit). Optical fluorite as crystals weighing tens or hundreds of kilograms, extracted in chamber pegmatite Kazakhstan (Kent, Novoromanovskaya et al.). Major technical field, as well as ornamental fluorite are in Mongolia, eastern Gobi.

It uses as an optical material; collection material (drusen, crystals); in esotericism – as a magic stone.

Medicinal and magical properties of the stone, one of the strengths of magic stones in Indian yoga. It is believed that revealing the “third eye” and is working with consciousness, helps organize thoughts, reduces the emotional perception of the situation, relieves stress, depression, anger, allows for peace of silence reinforces the analytical abilities of its owner.

Used in our time, as in ancient times, magicians to predict the future (in the form of a sphere). Celebrated an amazing ability fluorite “absorb” sounds during meditation with music and return them to man. The healing practice of fluorite crystals and balls are used to treat a number of diseases of the brain, cardiovascular system, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, psychoneurotic states, etc.Deposits:.

Chiastolite. Known in the United States (California), Spain, France, Chile, Australia.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: chiastolite along with another stone cross – staurolite has always attracted the attention of the Christian amulet endowed with magical powers. Widely used monks and pilgrims for manufacturing sacred charms.

Widely known royal blue stone (named for the city Eilat in Israel). Here are preserved “ancient King Solomon’s mines”, which was carried out for a long time intensive production of stone issued for turquoise. Currently, the field is almost worked out.

Elatsky stone represents chrysocolla which forms streaks, brown to pale gray sandstones.

Chrysocolla is found also in Mongolia, the USA and South America.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: chrysocolla as the doctor used the American healing practice. According to Katrin Rafael, chrysocolla works on any chakra aligning and harmonizing the subtle body from the physical. It shows adjusts monthly, etc. Meditation allows us to develop a chrysocolla eighth chakra with thyroid disorders and other disorders of the throat chakra, is useful for the treatment of gynecological disorders, -. “Soul Star” to establish a connection between the personal and the cosmic forces. It is noted that if you just keep chrysocolla in his hand, then scattered sense of tension, fear, illusions disappear.

Chrysoprase. In nature chrysoprase occurs in dense aggregates, confined to Coram Impregnation nickel-sawmills, where it occurs in the form of nodules, layers and lenses.

The deposits are known in Kazakhstan (Sarykulbol-dy) in Poland, as well as in Australia, the USA, Brazil, India.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: a long time it was believed that this stone that emits a bright green color, improves mood, strengthens the eyes, blood, reduces the pain of rheumatism, it was worn as an amulet to protect from negative energy. In medieval Europe, considered a good luck stone, friendship, drives away nightmares and bringing money.

Indian magicians attributed it to the element of air, and believed that it protects against envy, slander and “evil eye”. A yoga chrysoprase considered a powerful stimulant of the heart chakra – Anahata, stumbling, rejuvenates heart. This beneficial effect is enhanced in combination with other chrysoprase “stone heart” – rose quartz.

Zircon. Zircon stone The name comes from the Persian “Tsar” – “gold” and “modes” – “color”.

Field stone: zircon found in alkaline rocks less acidic, alkaline and granitic pegmatites. In Russia, zircon deposits are in the Urals (Ilmenskye and Cherry Mountain) and on the Kola Peninsula (Mount Vavibed). Zirconia jewelry are known in Sri Lanka, Burma and Madagascar.

Zirconia jewelry is considered the jewel of class 4 and used as inserts in the earrings, rings.

Well-formed zircon crystals – individual or ingrown into the rock – are a great collection material, in great demand.

The healing and magical properties of the stone: it has long been considered a strong magical and healing stone, inspiring confidence in oneself in the person, optimism; Charges the body with vivacity and helps with nervous disorders. It was also believed that zircon helps develop intuition and unravel the warning signs sent from above.

Citrine

The name of the stone comes from the lat. “Citrus” – “lemon” for its characteristic color.

There are citrine in the form of well-formed crystals – hexagonal prisms – crowned with a pyramidal peak. Citrines are found in quartz veins and in nature are quite rare. Magnificent citrines of wine-yellow color in Brazil, in Madagascar, in the USA, Spain.

Most of the Citrines entering the stone markets are thermally treated smoky quartz and amethysts. Crystals of smoky quartz acquire yellow (“citrine”) color when heated to 300-400 ° C, and amethysts at a temperature of 500-560 ° C. In all the “citrine” thus obtained, the color is thicker and a brownish-reddish hue is noticeable, which is not found in natural citrine.

Citrine, like amethyst, refers to the precious stones of the 4th class. Used in the form of faceted inserts in jewelry

(Earrings, rings, etc.).

The healing and magical properties of stone: it has long been used as a magic and healing stone. In ancient Rome, speakers and senators specially carried crystals of citrine, for it was believed that he gives eloquence, strengthens memory, and also promotes psychological understanding and contacts with different people.

Very revered Citrine in India. In yogic healing practice, he was considered one of the main stones of the navel chakra – Manipura, which stimulates the solar plexus, the work of the gastrointestinal tract; Useful for gastritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis. Citrine activates the work of the brain, accumulates vital energy in the body.

In addition, the citrine by its vibrations creates around the body a protective aura that protects from negative energy from the outside.

Charoite. Its name was given to the stone in the place of the find in Siberia, on the river. Chary (tributary of the Lena River).

Charoite was discovered in 1978 by geologists of the Horns. Recognized as one of the most popular jewelry and ornamental stones, which has no analogues in the world.

The color of the stone: from pale purple, lilac, to dark purple. Staining is resistant, due to the admixture of manganese, homogeneous or spotted due to inclusions of various minerals that create a beautiful pattern. The stone has a fine-grained structure with silky iridescent or pearlescent shine, which gives it a fascinating charm.

It found stone in the form of dense masses of fine fiber within Murunsky alkali array on contact alkali rich rocks (syenites) with calcic carbonate rocks.

Charoite – a new, unique jewelry and gemstone. From this beautiful stone machined vases, bowls, manufactured jewelry, necklaces, rings, etc. From charoite was made 9 prize of the Moscow International Film Festival in the form of the globe and many other art works, which were exhibited at international exhibitions.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: the therapeutic properties charoite attract the attention of doctors and healers bioenergy. According to EI Gonikman, “opaque amethyst double” its charming colors create peace and harmony in the soul and in human relations. S. A. Bugrova (St. Petersburg, Institute of help and healing) recommends the use of charroit for kidney, heart, liver, and inflammation.

Amber. Amber in ancient times had many names. In Persian its called “kahruba” ( “straw thief”) and this is reflected in the ability of amber electrified by friction and retain small pieces; in Greece it was called “electrum”, the Finns called “merekivi” (stone sea), in Russia it was called “alatyr” or “latyr” -kamen, in Lithuania – “gintaris”.

Amber color varies widely from almost colorless or white ( “bone”) to yellow, brown, red, blue and even black. The reddish amber tone due to oxidation processes or heating processes during metamorphism. Predominates golden yellow and reddish coloration of varying intensity. Transparency amber varies from completely transparent to opaque dark, depending on the number of voids, inclusions and oxidation. White and brown-yellow coloration “bone amber” is caused by light scattering in the presence of a large number of large pustotok greater than the incident wavelength.

Weathering changes the elemental composition Amber (reducing carbon, hydrogen, sulfur and oxygen increase), discoloration and crusting oxidation (thickness 2-3 mm).

Of particular value in amber for judges, jewelers, artists have long been represented by the inclusion in it of plants and insects (flies, mosquitoes, spiders, etc.), So-called inclusion.

Since ancient times, the methods of refining natural amber (lighting, color change, etc.). At the present time to increase the transparency and clarification of the amber used its heat treatment in an autoclave, followed by cooling. In this way “bubbly” amber overlapping fan-shaped cracks, creating a beautiful game.

Dimensions: natural amber has a different shape and size from a few millimeters to pieces weighing 10 kg or more. From the large piece of Baltic amber found in Lithuanian XVII century, it was made crown presenting Polish King Jan Sobieski, as in church Paris crucifix has 137×46 cm size made from a single piece of amber.

The largest of them is the Baltic-Dnieper covering the Kaliningrad region, Poland, northern Germany, Lithuania, the right-bank Ukraine and other regions. The largest, both in reserves and the scale of production, remains Palmnikenskoe amber deposit (the Kaliningrad region), which hosted the world famous Kaliningrad plant. Industrial clusters of amber here are confined to the so-called “blue earth”, which is a Glau-konito clay-quartz sand. Mining “blue earth”, which lies at a depth of 8 m or more, made an open way in using bucket excavators. At the processing plant “Blue Earth” washed, Amber remained in the gateway, and then sorted and supplied to the Kaliningrad Amber Plant. In addition, the most ancient and primitive way of amber mining is to collect it on the coast, where he was thrown out after the sea storms.

The use of amber

Amber is known to mankind since ancient times. Information about him are found in many written sources of ancient times ( “Odyssey” of Homer, “Metamorphoses” by Ovid, “Natural History” by Pliny the Elder, and others.) The ancient well was known amber ability to electrify the friction and attract different light objects (hence the ancient Greek name of amber – “Electrum”). Amber has been used for the manufacture of various kinds of jewelry and luxury goods, as well as for medicinal purposes. For the first time the use of amber in medicine is mentioned in the “Natural History” by Pliny the Elder. He wrote that in diseases of the throat and crop useful to wear a necklace of amber and pounded into a powder of amber mixed with rose oil and honey, it helps to improve vision. Later famous physician Klavdiy Galen (II century AD) used in medical practice amber and distillates (amber oil, succinic acid).

In the Middle Ages in Germany considered the most salubrious white “bone amber.” It is known that the Master of the Teutonic Order presented in 1525 by the famous church reformer Martin Luther, suffering from cholelithiasis, spoon, entirely carved out of “bone of amber.”

Since the beginning of the Renaissance begins artistic processing of amber in Germany, Russia, Poland, Lithuania in special factories, which produce all kinds of jewelry and unique art works.

Amber was used even for the amber optics (glasses for glasses, magnifying glass), made for the first time in 1691 by the famous German master Hristianom Pershinom.

The largest work of art made of amber is the “Amber Room”, made by German craftsmen and presented to Emperor Friedrich Wilhelm I to the Russian Tsar Peter the Great in 1716. Amber Room represented a unique exhibition area of 55 square meters. m, whose fate is still unknown. Currently, most major amber processing industry is concentrated in Russia (Kaliningrad Amber Factory with. Amber), that works on local raw materials (Palmnikenskoe deposit). Second place in the world for the treatment of amber belongs to Poland (manufactured various decorations, perfume bottles, amber pyramid health etc.). There are amber processing company in Germany, Belgium, Japan, the United States.

Modern use of amber most diverse, with only raw materials produced. More than half of it is spent on the production of jewelry (natural or pressed amber). Rest amber processed to produce valuable products (amber lacquer, rosin, succinic acid, etc.) Depending on the application the whole amber divided into 3 categories: ornamental, pressed and varnished.

Ornamental amber – pieces of natural amber of various sizes, shapes for all kinds of jewelry and art products.

Pressed amber – small amber and processing waste from large pieces (this raw material pulverized, and then subjected to pressing, and then heated to 230 ° C under a pressure of 14 kilobars). Pressed amber (it is called “melting”) is used for jewelry and art products from natural and difficult to distinguish.

Technical amber – poor quality here includes amber, which goes to the melt for obtaining rosin, succinic acid, and amber amber oil varnishes; succinic acid and its salts are used in medicine.

Furthermore amber in jewelry use other fossil resins (copal, gedanit, Rumen etc.).

Noteworthy Rumen ( “Sakhalin amber”) found on Sakhalin Island in recent years. He is a dark red to dark brown with a yellow core is solid, translucent mineral inclusions. This material has been successfully used in therapy.

Amber in modern medicine, is widely used as succinic crumb and its salts for the manufacture of drugs (vitamin D3, antiseptics, etc.). Amber ability was noted in medical practice prevent hemolysis (the process of destruction of red blood cells – red blood cells). It is possible to use a transparent pressed amber for the manufacture of blood products and blood vessels for its preservation.

It has been established that amber helps with headaches, mitigates the impact of differential pressure, magnetic storms, affects the spleen, improves cardiac function, relieves toothache, and more. Doctors note that the amber mouthpiece reduces the likelihood of cancer in smokers. In Poland, the popular amber vodka for the treatment of sore throats and colds, and recently widely used therapeutic pyramid made of pressed amber. It is established that one of the causes of thyroid disease is the lack of iodine in the organism and amber just contains iodine, and therefore wearing amber beads useful in the treatment and prevention of this disease. Besides iodine in amber contains elements useful for our body (iron, magnesium, calcium, zinc, etc.), And salts of succinic acids which are indispensable for the body. Succinic acid activates metabolic processes, digestive system, has anti-inflammatory and bactericidal action.

At present, the interest in amber as a natural amplifier, and reborn in our country, and abroad. In Russia, this revival is due to Dr. B. V. Klyuevym, the head of a unique medical-ecological center “Golden Ring” in Moscow. Work center “Golden Ring” showed that amber therapy inhibits the growth of tumors. It helps with mastitis, cysts, fibroids and other tumors, including malignant, as well as in the treatment of goitre, wen. This is due to inhibition of abnormal cell division that promotes death of harmful cells and tumor resorption.

Amber marked anti-inflammatory effect in a number of diseases (pyelonephritis, steatosis, bronchial asthma and others.). Amber has beneficial effects on the internal glandular environment (blood, lymph, interstitial fluid), helps with joint disease, varicose veins, reduces inflammation and restores activity of the venous valves. Dr. B. V. Klyuevym established method of treatment of amber, established rules for handling medical amber like to wear custom-compiled doctor schedule.

In the center of the “Golden Ring” is set, that is therapeutic untreated amber, in particular reddish brown Sakhalinsky Rumen contents from the dark tar substances.

Healing pyramid amber

It is a miniature model of the Egyptian pyramids with the exact observance of geometrical proportions and the principle of “golden section”. The dimensions of the pyramid base 45×45 mm, height 30 mm. As a material used specially manufactured fused amber from the Baltic states, having all the necessary healing properties.

Amber Pyramid is a good harmonizer of the physical condition of the body due to the surprising properties of amber.

According to Oriental medicine, amber improves metabolism and overall improvement of the body, normalizes the power of the heart muscle, neutralizes carcinogens, slowing the aging process of the body’s cells. Used to treat thyroid cancer, goiter, and Graves’ disease.

In terms of bioenergy, amber is purely Yin essence; it does not radiate and absorb negative energy than helps to eliminate the disease from the physical body. The effect of small impacts largely enhanced by the interaction with the pyramid.

Pyramidal effect applies to all the subtle (etheric) body, stimulates the navel, heart and throat chakra.

Method of application:

Starting position: Sit on a chair, sit back, legs uncrossed. Put on the palm of his right arm, bent at the elbow, the pyramid at the solar plexus. Slowly with a deep sigh lift hand with the pyramid level up to the throat, and then lower the exhalation, palm on the initial level. Repeat this movement several times for 3-5 minutes.

Jasper. Jasper is a modern name comes from the Russian word “jasper” which is borrowed from the Greek.

Jasper are due to the volcanic activity and metamorphism of siliceous rocks (quartzites, shales, and others.) When exposed to high temperatures and enormous pressure. Jasper commonly found in the form of solid masses, deposits formation, lenses, globular formations.

Jasper allocated monochrome (gray, green, red, blue and others.); banded, having a variety of colors (for example: Kushkuldinskaya Bashkirskaya Jasper of red and green bands); wavy, oculate, wax, landscape and others.

The largest deposits of jasper diverse and are concentrated in Russia, in the Urals. Here is the famous field landscape jasper Orsk (Mount Colonel) Aushkulskoe field (pink jasper) Muldakaevskoe (gray-blue, red jasper) Nauruzovskoe (banded jasper with alternating dark red and gray-green bars), Kalkan field (the famous technical jasper blue-green for the manufacture of chemical mortars, shafts for treatment of the skin, etc..) and many others. Large deposits of jasper are original in the Altai, in Zmeinogorsk district. There are known from time immemorial Revnev field green wavy jasper, Ridder deposit (light green with pink spots), Korgon field (kopeychataya, cherry-red porphyry), Goltsovskoe field (greenish, bluish, plain and striped).

Deposits jaspers known in Kazakhstan (Karatasskoe), Uzbekistan (Kumsareksayskoe) Tajikistan (Kalayhumbskoe), Georgia (Kutayskoe).

In the US, there are tape and solid-color jade, India – red jasper, Egypt – dark brown jasper, called “Nile flint.”

In Mongolia, there are deposits of red and streaky green and red jasper,

and mottled, very colorful jasper from placers in the Gobi Desert.

Jasper is one of the most popular gems known even to primitive man. In antiquity and the Middle Ages from jasper produced jewelry, gems, decorative items, talismans. In Russia, jasper, like malachite, is a favorite national stone. From it carved vases, fireplaces, columns, bowls, table tops, and similar articles, presented in public repositories – the Hermitage, the Armory, the historic and Russian museums.

Medicinal and magical properties of stones: jasper – one of the few gemstones associated with special, mysterious properties. Especially revered jade in China (along with jade), as it is considered the main carrier of Yin beginning and symbol of feminine beauty. Of jasper produce all kinds of ornaments, trophies, symbols of power. For example, jasper disk with a hole in the middle was a symbol of the princely dignity. Ornaments of jade worn on the helmet, belt, in the handle of the sword, which was considered a reliable talisman. By Daoist ideas, jasper was considered a “living stone”, for strengthened physical body and prolong life. It was used in ancient Chinese medicine and is considered one of the most important pharmacological means to cleanse the internal organs. Chinese healers believed that red jasper stops bleeding and heals women’s diseases, as well as green as sea wave, jasper concentrates and reveals invisible to the eye.

In Thailand, the city of angels (the ancient name of Bangkok) is a temple of the Emerald Buddha. It is one of the largest statues of Buddha weighing 5.5 tons, carved from solid monolith emerald green jade, which has strong healing energy. Yellow jasper from the Gobi Desert has long been revered in Mongolia. It was worn on the stomach from gastric diseases and from the “bad” eye.

Star signs and stones

I must say that not every stone can become your talisman.

In the East, to determine the relationship of stone and its future owner uses a proven method for centuries: a stone tied to the middle of the outer side of the hand – the left shoulder; and in such a position with a stone laid for the night to sleep. If the owner of the stone nightmares – it was not his stone, and it should not be worn; if good dreams – can be worn stone quiet. Night dreamless indicates indifference stone.

“As above, so below,” reads the ancient wisdom. And the mineral kingdom, as all the world, has a certain relationship with the cosmos. Of course, make a horoscope for each mineral can not be – the stones are no birthdays – but each mineral can be associated with one or more planets / signs of the zodiac. Almost horoscope. That is why we can speak about a person and astrological compatibility of the mineral. The most favorable stones are those that are associated with favorable planets in the horoscope; The stones associated with the “evil” planets should be avoided.

Traditionally talismans tried to “distribute” all the twelve signs of the Zodiac. According to a long-standing belief, it was believed that the stone corresponding to your sign of the Zodiac in the ring is a talisman.

But precious and ornamental stones are much larger than twelve. Therefore, neither in the past, nor at the present time among astrologers there is a unanimous opinion about the distribution of stones by the signs of the Zodiac. In addition, in ancient times there was a system of esoteric knowledge (for example, in Egypt and India), accessible only to priests, initiates and magicians.

At the moment, along with the ancient, traditional distribution of stones on the signs of the Zodiac, there is also a modern, accepted by the International Association of Jewelers. Some precious stones you can wear throughout life, and others – temporarily, to solve any particular problem. To the first, more stringent requirements are imposed both on quality and on compliance with your horoscope. So, for example, although rock crystal can not be called a stone of the Cancer, but for the time of exams, participation in any conferences, writing scientific work, it is very useful to have a ball of rock crystal – in order to “untie” the language or activate thinking And strengthen memory. Precious and semi-precious stones are assigned certain properties in accordance with the signs of the Zodiac.

Astrologers claimed that every precious stone belongs to a certain sign of the zodiac, because people born in a given month should wear rings – with the appropriate stone, which is associated with the zodiacal constellation that dominates the sky at the time of the birth of man.

There is an opinion that stones that are happy for this or that sign are harmful to people of the opposite sign (up to 6 months).

Opposing stones contribute to destroying destiny and life, they are in discord with this nature. Wearing a stone that does not correspond to the sign of the zodiac, under which his owner was born, has a bad influence on his fate. It is better to wear stones that correspond to a certain sign of the Zodiac.

Astral properties of stones

SUN STONES: chrysolite, diamond, hyacinth, aventurine, ruby, chrysoprase;

MOONS: opal, moonstone, aquamarine, beryl, pearl, coral;

MERCURY: golden topaz, emerald, agate;

VENUS: light sapphire, agate, pearl, turquoise;

MARSA: ruby, bloodstone, jasper, diamond, garnet;

JUPITER: turquoise, sapphire, lapis lazuli;

SATURN: Onyx, amethyst, dark topaz; NEPTUNA: amethyst, lunar crystal.

ARIES – amethyst, all red.

TAURUS – turquoise, sapphire, agate, all white and transparent.

GEMINI – topaz, all variegated.

CANCER is an emerald, chalcedony, all white, not transparent.

LION – carnelian, sapphire, onyx, emerald.

VIRGO – emerald, jasper, crystal, sapphire, chalcedony, garnet.

SCALES – diamond, aquamarine, chrysolite, beryl, crystal, opal, tourmaline.

SCORPIO – topaz, bloodstained.

SAGITTARIUS – turquoise, zircon, all red and green.

CAPRICORN – onyx, pomegranate, chrysoprase, all black.

AQUARIUS is sapphire, obsidian.

PISCES – pearls, aquamarine, red coral

Color, character and the stone

Color of will cause you the most pleasant memories of the happiest moments of your life, and vice versa, as well as the sound of music, a specific color can remind about something sad, painful, about suffering, about lost love. These sensations are associated with color are called color associations. Education and consolidation in our minds process color associations identity formation and consolidation in the cerebral cortex of conditioned reflexes.

The way we perceive colors depends on the colors themselves, their purity, brightness, saturation, and the characteristics of our perception. Each person reacts to certain colors differently. Each color affects different people differently, depending on their temperament and health.

There are colors, which we instinctively avoid, they annoy us, cause discomfort and anxiety. Other colors are pleasing to our eyes. We prefer them in clothing, jewelry, in the interior color.

Psychologists and psychiatrists on the basis of preference or people’s love of a certain color is determined by the nature of man, his inclinations, the warehouse of his mind, psyche and even health. This “color preference” according to psychologists is based on the existing associations and depends on national traditions and ties, temperament, sex. It is believed that color preferences are biologically innate characteristics and, presumably, have a close relationship with the planetary influences in the formation of the individual.

Children instinctively love the bright and friendly colors – red, blue, yellow. Any other color that is not in the usual colors, immediately causing the child increased, a keen interest.

As we age, changes color preferences – within the pure spectral colors are preferred cold tones. Very interesting data related to the characteristics of the individual, depending on the “color preference” are available in a number of studies of both our and foreign scientists. On the basis of these works can make a very interesting picture, which will give readers the opportunity to see some of the color characteristics of the features we already know the zodiac signs and thereby reaffirm the truth about the full unity and interconnectedness of all that exists in the world.

White. Lovers of white easy to fall into ecstasy, they have highly developed imagination, faith, religion. They prefer the calm and peace. They are characterized by the polarity – remote and approach, empathy and detachment. Individuals who prefer white, dreamy, that pushes them either to ensure that ascend to heaven, or to drugs.

White usually possess psychic abilities. They perfectly combine the power Lion with caution snakes. Their interests are not cultivated and completely get rid of a kind of feeling as envy and other baser qualities of the soul. For peace, tranquility, equilibrium can choose jewelery with large stones green scales – very good for these purposes amazonite.

If the fans in white want to keep a their properties, or enhance them, they can choose the jewelry with white stones (pearls, white onyx, opal), or to change your status and mood – the stones of bright colors, depending on their data characteristics as the curative, and magic.

Red. Lovers of red color – these are people passionate love to boss, to be leaders. They can accomplish this in the event that they do not overwhelm the emotions (ambition). Rarely suffer from remorse. They love life and pursue their desires. Red – the color of the animal passions. Red classes have a wide range of hunting, sports to motor racing, though classes may be the opposite properties, as well as the individual – from the holy to the bloody dictator. Red – and had polar diverse, explosive and quickly easily appeased. As in the previous case, to strengthen and maintain these qualities are recommended decoration with very small stones of red tones on the principle of homeopathy.

Pink. Fans pink tones – it is a very soft red – staying a lifetime in the world of dreams, fairy tales and waiting for miracles. They are relaxed, gentle, dream of sublime love, prefer the comfort and coziness campaigns and tents. Reality replaces the “rose-colored glasses”, allowing to maintain its peace and nervous system. Due to its characteristics of a date with the reality of carrying heavy, almost as a catastrophe. Fans of pink color often lets others because they overestimate their strength, but they are more promises than they can do their promises – it is often an illusion. Very quickly calm after the storm, and, as a rule, live to a ripe old age.

Pale purple stones – amethyst and charroit – they create atmosphere for thought, poetic dreams. Yellow stones stimulate their mental and physical sphere and white agate returns to “the sinful earth.”

Their poetry and sublimity can emphasize fine string of pearls, which will give them the tenderness and the charm of youth.

Blue. Dark Heaven (blue) – lovers of this color travelers, eager to learn, religious, and subtly feel otherworldly light outside of the usual sensations of our senses. Despite these qualities, among them many military and many are fond of horse riding. Recommendations on the stones give according to the previous criteria. Add that to enhance the vitality and energy concentration to its blue tones they can wear yellow stones – amber, citrine. Dark blue – the color of the artists. Fans of dark-blue, as a rule, easy to achieve success, their goals and wealth. They love life, energetic, love children. In life, as well as on the stage, they feel the actors and therefore it is very fond of recognition. If the work is to their liking and pleasure, they do well in it. They love to travel and often play the role of conductor. Their stones – blue, but for the aspirations of upward or relaxation they need the white stones. Lovers of blue can choose their stones of the same colors, as well as blue – lapis lazuli, sapphire, would be nice – white coral to enhance femininity. Light blue – his fans differ dreaminess, romanticism, love to travel, tend to the sea, to the water. Very sociable, have a lot of friends, like a team. Light blue – the color of femininity, motherhood, safety, strength of family relationships. For light blue – the mother is the closest person, they are committed to it and read it infinitely. But if a child’s mother was cold to them – it affects the rest of their lives. They can not stand being alone and suffer deeply if you are creating this situation. They give a lot, but instead want to receive as much.

They are popular and loved, have a desire for classes, uniting people such as: politics, religion, are treated with deep respect for him, and follow the traditions. In sexual matters quite mild and calm. They are more concerned with the emotional and intellectual side of life. These people are so charming and have such wonderful spiritual qualities that they can be recommended to maintain these qualities ornaments of silver with stones of their colors: blue turquoise, blue aquamarine – Sea stone, pearl, opalescent blue light opal, which should not be feared, but should love, as any stone, our friend, needs of tenderness, love, and trust me, he will answer you the same.

What are the qualities of fans of green, brown, purple and other colors? What stones you must choose these people?

Brown. “Brown” are characterized by balance, thoroughness, orderliness of their actions, thirst for knowledge. They prefer solitude, silence. They are distinguished by severity, persistence, thrift. Lovers brown tones like power and aspire to it, and they firmly stand firmly on the ground. As a rule, they do not produce a brilliant impression on others, but in difficult times they can rely on and “go with them to explore.”

In love, active and devote much time to it. A lot of thinking on the problems of the world and is very afraid of losing control of himself. With great perseverance achieve their goals, no matter what those goals. Brown – the color of mature age and mature solutions. Lovely shades of brown jasper and agate – their loyal assistants in the implementation of its qualities. In love, as they can contribute to carnelian from honey shade.

Gray. Dark gray tone characterizes its fans logicality of thinking, love of science, medicine and technology, the ability to resolve the most complex problems. Dark gray tone – cleaning. He appears in our dreams in overcoming the disease, with a favorable decision of our problems at work and in love. Dark gray like order, every thing they know their place, both at home and in my thoughts. They are considered fastidious, but in complex situations, turn to them for help, they are able to analyze and their, and others’ actions. These people can reach greater heights in all areas – both in the humanities and in engineering. This is undoubtedly the creative personality. They should not be constrained and tense.

The sexual life of a dark gray are able to achieve the complete emancipation. If they are in something are disappointed, they will quickly cope with this feeling. Their clothes can decorate the stones of red tones, they can also give them energy, vitality and “cheer the heart” – is garnet, ruby red, red carnelian (carnelian) and red coral will protect them from the “evil eye.”

Light gray – smart, rational, fast and restless. Their openness to recruit them friends, but they do not tolerate restrictions, even when they themselves create. As a rule, they avoid problems, do not complicate your life. Their distraction prevented them in concentration and meditation. They are distinguished by the richness of thought, the ability to always maintain a sense of proportion, intelligence and sociability. Sometimes they are accused in the absence of heat or depth, but it is not. This behavior is due to a light gray or is a consequence of their timidity.

Light gray – the color of youth, the fast pace, but sometimes – and escape from myself and from the difficulties. They are very impressionable, poorly tolerate the noise and heat.

Green. Dark green – stubborn and persistent. In combination with gold – the color of the bankers. People of color create all the creature comforts, are responsible for their financial stability, they are solid, respectable. They love peace and nature. They make talented architects and architects.

Dark green secretive and assertive, with their insistence suppresses the energy of others and very often leads to the split personality of the people who associate with them. Their high aesthetic enables them to achieve both spiritual and material wealth for them at a happy juncture. They can be encouraged to be softer and realize that each of us has the right to their own opinion – that they can avoid a lot of trouble and to get a significant amount of friends. Dark green, tend to cause your friends and family a sense of safety and security. Sexual Life for them is very important. When failures in this area, they suffer deeply. These are people of strong will, able to overcome any difficulties; change in some opinion they can make only people with a lot of patience with diplomatic qualities and the gift of a serious argument.

Recommendations dark green when worn stones are the same as the fans of the other colors; to preserve and enhance their qualities they can wear jewelry its green range, but the stones must be small; for the acquisition of other missing their properties in addition to their color, they can wear yellow, red, white stones, are leading to be pink quartz.

Lovers of light green – people soft, able to appreciate the cooperation, aesthetic and gentle. They are distinguished by a sense of justice, benevolence, partnership. These people are very smart and are required about “and able to speak exactly what is expected of them, but they do not listen, it’s their fault, that they must overcome. In contrast to the dark green, they are relaxed, open, sociable. Light green – the color of youth, balance, smell of spring, the elusive, fleeting happiness.

The range of light green tones, to enhance their stability and fit well respectable stones dark green shades – malachite, nephritis (dark), jade, and stones brown honey gamma – Jasper, agate, sard; red tones stones will excite them.

Yellow. Yellow – the color of Ra, the color of the divine sun, sparkling, radiant, bestowing warmth, life and energy.

Yellow – the people’s creativity, strong will and spirit, it’s Lions, who love power, able to concentrate the power and the will and direct it to where it is most effective.

They can succeed in science, as well as on the stage. They know how much fruitful work, but they know how to provide proper rest themselves and to others.

Yellow can contribute to the implementation of both wealth and spiritual.

Fans of the yellow open, their life is replete with bright moments, they are intelligent and sensitive, and sometimes hypersensitive, his whole being, they are directed towards happiness and his perseverance achieve it. They are beautiful and generous, others are recognized, are able to learn the passion surrounding life and share their experience with others, however, have patience and perseverance.

Yellow envy of others, and it requires the mobilization of all its intelligence not to exercise their inherent arrogance.

Amplified, concentrated yellow – it’s orange. Orange has all the features of yellow, but in addition, they are a gift of love and sex.

Yellow we offer all Lion stones, and for peace and quiet – green range, and if you can – to get beryl in gold and white and purple stones for the development of spirituality.

Purple. Purple color, and those who prefer it – unusual, extraordinary, they aspire to freedom, independence and space. Their life is replete with surprises and zigzags. Sometimes they appear to be “sleeping”, but tend to wake up and fly, dream of wings to fly up to the sun, they are sociable and very fond of intellectual and spiritual communion, as experiencing a permanent deficit that.

These people have a high innate intelligence that conventional average people of their surroundings even cause embarrassment and discomfort. Hence their desire for communion with their peers in the level, as under normal circumstances they have a vacuum of these sensations.

Violet experiencing interest and craving for anything mysterious, inexplicable, and always try to find the answer to these phenomena. They love speed and are not afraid of danger. Very susceptible to diseases of the thyroid gland, vegetative dystonia and neurosis. Highly intelligent, but physically weak, their body vibration free, as a rule, people with A (II) blood group.

Enhance their quality Amethyst, Charoite, give them strength amber, carnelian, yellow quartz. They are contraindicated heavy exercise, but very useful exercise eastern type of Wushu and vegetarian table.

The black. And finally – the black color, which also has a large number of his followers.

Black is always ready to fight, the flames of passion and fire them never leave. Feeling black – always extreme, immersive. Black – the color of the riot, disaster, erasure “Ego”, but unlike the white, the feeling is not voluntary, rather imposed, instilled. Black – the night symbol of destruction, but also resurrection. Black Buddha Point – access to nirvana, but for the further development of the universe. Secret power of the subconscious, death.

Fans of black is not always a realistic assessment of the situation, and therefore lose, why suffer deeply.

The sexual sphere is playing a leading role in their lives, they are passionate, “the kings of the night”, loved and loved.

Whatever people with a dark conscience always, without stopping, going forward, straight ahead.

Principles stone selection for this color – little black jet or obsidian for approval of their positions to soften the character – a white stone, for the rest – green (emerald, chrysoprase, amazonite, malachite light). Diet recommended limiting meat dishes are preferred from oats. Germinated grains, by the way, are useful to fans of all colors.

How to be treated with stones

Stone Actions largely defined by its purity and integrity. Rocks with cracks, defects, bubbles, muddy areas reinforce negative qualities. In order to effect the stone or crystal was palpable, it is necessary to pay attention to the choice of a stone. It should be remembered, and how the stone came to the owner. Stolen stones can bring great misfortune. If the stone is purchased, it enters into force, it is only a few years later. Only donated or inherited stones help and bring happiness.

Stones are talismans of professions

Besides stones mascot there are certain stones, which since ancient times is a stone-talismans specific professions, providing its owner with success in the professional field. Such stones-talismans recommended:

>gardeners, farmers, people engaged and connected with

agriculture- agate;

> Merchants, bankers had to ensure success – in commerce chrysoprase or beryl, set in gold; to help solve scientific problems is intended malachite;

Doctors to achieve high efficiency in the treatment can help lapis lazuli;

Explorers did not venture out to sea without a ring in emerald or aquamarine;

Artists their favorite mascot believed tourmaline, which awakened the creative impulses and do unusual world of colors and more impressive;

Stone of bishops was considered pale purple amethyst, it helped pay souls of the faithful to God;

None of the Chaldean or Babylonian magus would not make prophecies, without the ring with bloodstone or moonstone;

People chose the military profession as a stone-mascot grenades or heliotrope, hoping that they will give them courage and bestow victory;

I believe that astrologers and soothsayers to strengthen its quality, constantly wearing a beryl;

Favorite stone of kings and queens was sardonyx;

Stone chiefs and generals considered onyx; Chinese monarchs chose for his royal vestments nephritis, which in China was the “sacred stone”;

Philosophers preferred beryl, this beautiful stone chose a mascot and travelers;

Wrestlers to win a victory in the competition, wore bracelets with cornelian; prostitutes prefer, going to “work” to wear a ring with a red hyacinth, supposedly prevent conception;

Stone-mascot housewives and the keeper of the hearth was amazonite;

Scholars and clerics found healing powers, fingering a rosary of coral;

There was even a mascot for the players in the card – had to win to ensure alexandrite; sports meetings and competitions bring good luck jade and jadeite.

Of particular note are the stones bring luck in love, adultery, symbolize chastity. Stones exchanged between lovers – turquoise, emerald, beryl, garnet, amber.

Malachite gives luck in love, love helps to overcome obstacles; happy married life promises moonstone, aquamarine, lovers rock, stone color “sea and air”, azure – blue.

There are even the stones, befitting to the sad moment of parting vavik, agate and black onyx.

Jewelry on the occasion

you are ready for the arrival of guests or, on the contrary, to go to the soiree, to the theater, to the restaurant: wearing a beautiful dress, carefully stacked hair, summed up his eyebrows, tinted eyelashes, lips, from you comes the fragrance of your favorite perfume . It seems that all … And yet, looking at himself in the mirror, you catch incompleteness in its appearance, the absence of something that would give a special holiday, emphasized the critical moment of coming and in some way your own.

Jewelery? But what exactly? When, in addition to which, in conjunction with what to wear? After modest “little black dress” can equally well put on and for a business meeting, and at a party, but wherever you go – it is important, how exactly decorations will be given preference in each case.

There are daily decoration, suitable to almost any dress and occasion – they are inconspicuous, small scale, but at the same time quite elegant and, most importantly, almost never go out of fashion.

Others are designed exclusively for special occasions, the so-called big outputs – to a festive evening, anniversary, wedding. This jewelry is permissible to be more visible. If they are not made of precious metals, it is advisable to wear them as a set. And another important rule: the most expensive – is not always the best.

Last years Fashion does not get tired to amaze us truly stunning variety of designer finds. It is impossible not to get lost in front of the dazzling splendor of the windows of jewelry stores. And yet, no matter how rich selection of jewelry, you do not risk to be mistaken, if will prefer classical models, because they have stood the strictest of tests – the test of time. Among them, chain, sometimes completely unthinkable weave – fine jewelry, many years ago, proposed the famous Koko Shanel and enthusiastically received by those to whom they were intended, along with the famous suit remains popular to this day.

Special subject – rings. They are, if not all, almost all women. But is it really decorate? Of course, if chosen with taste. Women of short stature with small hands fit narrow rings with one or more small stones; if so the ring, then the stone narrow, elongated shape. Rings with stones oval or pear in the form of directed tapered end to the nail, visually make the hand thinner and sleeker. Girls and young women are encouraged to wear rings with one small stone, middle-aged women – with larger stones or loose of small stones. Wear more than two rings are not worth it.

On the hand with short and thick fingers clumsily it looks massive wide ring.

Decorations, as well as clothing designed to emphasize all the best that is in us, pick out all the attractive stone – eye color, necklaces, chain with a pendant or without – the graceful curve of the neck, the tender skin velvety. To what to wear too mnogoukrasheny (you do not a Christmas tree), and the more of these that are dissonant with each other, different in style and color. Agree: look ridiculous colored beads made of cheap material and a silver bracelet.

Decorations have their own time and season. Only in the summer with lush, flying skirts, blouses made of cotton and linen appropriate to wear bright beads of opaque glass, ceramics and plastics.

In the summer the choice of jewelry is not particularly limited, the winter requires great restraint not only in the suit, but also in jewelry. Decorations for this time of the year should not be too flashy – not to be redundant, small clips or earrings, shading his face.

Diamonds and other precious stones, pearls, and gold and silver jewelry the most spectacular in the evening light.

By evening dress suit large brooches, pendants, necklaces, large earrings with pendants, bracelets – shiny, sparkling with all the colors of the rainbow. Sometimes, only a string of beads, if they are chosen with taste, is able to transform a woman. Modest beads of all sorts of natural materials (wood, straw, limestone, ceramics) perfectly complement the dress in peasant style, decorate the dress that we wear every day, but this does not apply to the shirt-dress.

Earrings, if they are chosen well, creating so many significant figures and the harmony of line of the shoulders. Earrings with pendants and large round are not recommended for women with a full broad face and those who wear glasses. These earrings are more suited to young and middle-aged women with a long face shape. Small flat earrings are suitable for women with a round face. Young girls do not go to big earrings.

To dress with a small cut or fit necklace or earrings. Both decorations can be simultaneously used in a more open neckline.

Bracelets are usually worn on the right hand. And bracelets with stones should fit tightly hand and without stones in the form of rings or chains, – freely lie about brushes. Both hands are only twin bracelets. Thin wrist profitable emphasize a set of elegant bracelets. But the woman with his hands full of jewelery is not work – it just draws attention to the fact that it is not necessary to demonstrate.

Fashion on the stones and metals comes and goes, but Amber did not seem subservient to her whims. Ornaments from it is always modern, beautiful and desired. Amber has long been prized for its naturalness and simplicity. Dark honey or transparent gold, smoky-yellow or greenish-gray, the sun-stone attracts inexplicable, bewitching beauty. He has no equal in the number of colors and shades – they account for up to two hundred. Perhaps that is why amber blends with any material: from fabrics, leather, wood, white and yellow metal rimmed in fine lace of gold and silver, it looks rich and noble.

Widely known since ancient times, people’s experience of treatment of amber. Many scientists later opened therein salts of succinic acid, which is a biostimulant wide range. Researchers have found that this acid, like the fuel is combusted in the diseased cells and weakened organs renewed life processes. Maybe this is one of the secrets of the unrelenting popularity jewelry made from amber.

Amber light-colored face greater blue-eyed blonde, dark – gray-eyed brown-haired and brunettes with brown eyes. He gives the skin a soft haze, and the entire face of a woman – a special finesse.

You can wear jewelry large and small, one single or in a set of different colors and shapes, made of any material and in various combinations, but with one condition: that they may be of impeccable taste.

And the last of their adornment. Cheap jewelry – it is cheap. It looks only at the very young.

2. In order to please the eye decoration

Natural and synthetic precious stones (rubies, sapphires, alexandrite) from time to time need to be cleaned. They can be washed in warm water by adding ammonia (1 teaspoon to a glass of water). Be sure to check if there is any attached glue rocks – then require special care when cleaning.

Amber necklaces, brooches, pendants, washing them with warm soapy water, baking soda rubbed with a soft flannel cloth; in the same way refresh ivory.

Hazards stones

Went from a belief in the harmful properties of the stones?

In ancient legends of the stones often created by Satan or his minions.

The best example is the legend of the “snake stone”. In many folk tales expressed the idea that the gems were once removed from the heads of snakes and dragons. This was the reason for the view that that the diamond is poisonous and was once found in the mouth of a snake. These are the beliefs of Hindus, Arabs, Greeks. Or that all the gems formed from snake saliva. This superstition is widespread in primitive cultures from the Far East to England. All these traditions express the greatest possible closeness between the “enemy” and “defender”, ie. E. Between the monster stood guard and protected their treasure. Together they constitute a unity of opposites, amalgam, or alloy.

Precious stones

Diamond. This stone is hard to get used to the owner. He did not bring success to people with a weak will. It enhances the natural inclinations. Thieves and murderers stone brings innumerable misfortunes. Diamonds with impurities and inclusions according to ancient astray, until limp and eyewash.

Indians advised to wear diamonds in gold on the third finger of his right hand. I, on the other hand, I do not advise to contact with diamond anyone except Lviv, Sagittarius and Aries with a very strong and good sun.

Emerald. Stone honest people with pure thoughts. Emerald can be recommended strongly to all, because it is fundamentally antidemonic mascot, stimulating all the best in a person. However, there are also minuses, “the woman who wears it on his hand, would have little sons and daughters” – so says the East. It is believed that it brings happiness only clean, but the illiterate person. But educated people do not give much joy. This stone does not tolerate insincerity. Liars, he not only brings misery, but also disease.

Ruby. This stone glitz and vanity. He gives power to become famous. But he takes a person a lot of strength and nervous energy. People excitable and violent, should not wear a ruby, because it enhances the quality. Expansive, irritable, short-tempered people ruby simply dangerous!

Do not wear ruby for people suffering from hypertension, fat and full-blooded – can cause a stroke. It can provoke the owner to rash acts. On hand malevolent person, he turns into an evil demon, often with a fatal influence.

Sapphire. People irresponsible and selfish, it is contraindicated, because it can deprive them of everything they love. Sapphire blue, I would not advise people to carry a young and cheerful. He robs life of the festive spirit and strong sensations. It is better to buy a white (colorless).

Citrine. This is the “polar” rogues stone pilferers and scams citrine helps as well as honest people. His influence extends to all gambling, spurring excitement.

Amethyst. “Beware of him, a woman betrothed or married,” – said an amethyst Sumerian priest thirty centuries ago. It was believed that this stone opens the heart to a new love.

Carnelian – like agate, working with the energies of the low frequency, some “down to earth” feelings, attracts love, it turns violent passion, stimulates the sex center, freeing him from the secret corners of the subconscious.

Be careful with Carnelian and dark carnelian, it can create for you a difficult situation.

Carnelian. It is believed that it attracts other people’s passion, fueling feelings of the owner. Carnelian – stone used in Tantra.

Kahalong – stone of carnal love, he attracts the hearts of men and women.

Aventurine or sunstone. I must say that with aventurine very difficult to work, because this stone changeable and capricious. Therefore, wearing it should not be permanent, it must be time to take the time. It is believed that it can not be worn for more than one lunar phases in a row, otherwise it changes its energy. Wearing it is recommended in one of the phases of the moon flawed (m. E. In third or fourth quarter). People who have a strong Neptune and provide land marks or water, it is very uplifting, if not always wear it. It is a stone of Don Juan, and not player-tricksters, as many think. A great carelessness in handling can result in material losses and waste of energy and strength.

Amazonite gives birth to the elderly unreasonable impulses of youth.

Labrador. It strengthens the tendency toward mysticism and visions. Wearing it can only mature people, and even then with caution, since it induces unpredictable, eccentric actions.

Agates from the group except to say bad about the black agate – a male mascot, but it causes sadness. In general, very good agate stones, but unlike crystals operate on low frequency vibrations.

Onyx. Wear onyx as a mascot can those who have Saturn in the horoscope occupies a favorable position. Pay attention to the shape of the middle finger of your hand: nail phalanx should not be extended, it is best if Saturn mound will be clean and smooth, with no signs.

In the ancient East it was considered very unlucky onyx stone. The Arabs called it “jazz”, which means bringing sadness or grief. In China copies where onyx quarried, for fear of “bad omen” people tried to stay away unnecessarily. Although reasonably explain what caused such an attitude I can not.

Aquamarine and euclase – are difficult to distinguish and largely related in their properties – are contraindicated for people with deception, all the lies will be revealed. Maybe this explained their property hurt the happiness of married life. It is recommended to wear only during daylight hours.

Alexandrite. “Sinister Siberian, – wrote about him N.S.Leskov. – He was green as hope, and in the evening poured out blood. It green morning and evening … blood. ” It is a stone of strong people who are not afraid of risk and severe test. It is contraindicated weak and cowardly, because it draws to its owner trials and hardships, forcing him to pass the fire, water and copper pipes. The special feature of this stone – it makes its owner in a peaceful and accommodating, as alexandrite in nature not a choleric.

Grenades. Their main magical properties – to give rise to strong cravings. Often it turns against its owner. It is said that a man’s hand, possessed a passion, they begin to shine strongly since poured his blood. Especially a lot of fatalities bring the stolen grenades.

Demantoid (olivine). It brings a lot of misery born in Pisces and is very good for those who are born in Leo and Sagittarius.

Schorl. Sticks black tourmaline have super-energy, and always willing to share it. But not overly zealous, for men red and black tourmaline pushes for sexual exploits and adventures, the results of which are abysmal and heavy.

White turquoise – has a huge energy potential. It can be worn only by people who are not afraid of risk, people are brave and impulsive, eager to perform feats!

Blue turquoise imposes on the owner of a serious commitment – to be honest, truthful, compassionate, ready to noble deeds. The one thing turquoise gives “relief” to the owner, – is horse trading, making it so like the Gypsies.

Green turquoise, experts advise not to wear, it is a dying stone, energy vampire.

In the east, turquoise symbolizes a whim, and color change threatens infidelity. And the general warning: Turquoise is contraindicated in Virgo.

Jet stone night and night secrets. Magee used it in contact with the dead showers. It brings dreams to nightmares and delusions.

Hematite (Bloodstone) his bad reputation, he is obliged to color alludes to the sacrifice, and the wide use of magic. Hardly any medieval magician dared to invoke the spirits of the planetary, without a finger ring with a bloodstone. Soft kind of bloodstone is also crossed out circle on the floor and cabalistic signs, protecting them from any astral attacks and used them in some magical rituals. However, those who are not engaged in magic, it does not threaten, but does not bring much happiness. In ordinary life, hematite gives its owner too much energy, which is very difficult to control the average person.

Wearing his best on the index finger in silver, for magical work – copper frame.

Jade yellow – is a stone of love unrequited, unrequited, bleak. Therefore love it is better not to wear, not to lose your lover or beloved.

Coil – the name itself suggests treachery. He sometimes used by people for the insidious deception to deceive others. Stone tempters (. “Serpent” According to legend: the coil has been spit out by Adam when he choked on an apple – a piece of apple rose in his throat and began to coil). This stone indicates the original sin to the temptation.

The only good thing that can be obtained from serpentine – a precedent that should be feared, that is something that should not be. If you want to know the situations where you need to be wary, then wear a coil. It is necessary to deal with the “exact opposite”. Virgin is given the possibility of knowledge, and it is good Capricorn, bad coil for Cancer and Pisces.

Lapis lazuli. Healing stone. Its properties are far from the concerns of everyday life, and, therefore, it is not used as a situational amulet.

Lal. Spinel can not be worn at all times, because it is liberating, takes control of consciousness, carries into the world of dreams, illusions, and inactivity. It is believed that it is necessary to hide from the children as its main magical properties – erotically exciting, bring forth the craving for love and sensuality. Lal – stone changeable and capricious as she Fortuna, and deal with it you need to carefully and cautiously.

Malachite and azurite – beautiful stones, which, nevertheless, is very deceptive. They are associated with Venus, but there is Pluto. Malachite draws too much for you interest in other people; he can attract to you “your vipers.” People who know how to work with this stone, this fact helps to work. Those who can not work with him, to be constantly crushed the attention of others. However, increased interest in the opposite sex is not always good, especially for a woman returning home late at night.

In ancient times, chaste maidens coming out of the house, is not recommended to put on ornaments of malachite for fear of unnecessary contacts, and even rape.

Jade is associated with religion, and the restructuring of the whole of life. Wear it only those people who want to change their lives and their world, to rise to a whole new spiritual level. Jade – the stone introverts, it is bad for love.

Obsidian. Prevents any serious actions, it makes it impossible to “sin.” However, too long wearing this stone is deprived of initiative and creative impulses. Stone can turn its owner into a coward.

Opal. For hundreds of years for Opal ran notoriety. He was regarded as a symbol of secret passion and volatility (with prolonged exposure to the sun opal dehydrated and loses its iridescence), stone false hopes and illusions. Caution should be addressed to the European varieties of opal with a fiery ruby-red glow or blue-blue shades with golden sparks. Opal – one of the most expensive and the most controversial of his attributed magical properties of stones. Do not take the opal as a gift, because it creates a hostile feeling towards the donor in proportion to its value. “Those who fight for the immediate benefits are found in him a dangerous opponent. For business people, down to earth, he will not do. People are nervous, with an unstable character, also should not wear opal. For evil and selfish people opal stone becomes evil gives rise to the suspicion causes quarrels, fear, nightmares. Wearing opal constantly is not recommended.

Topaz – stone, releasing from violent and dangerous passions, creates in a person’s mood of serene pleasures of life, but in those who are born in May, wakes gnevnost and violent fantasies.

Topaz is contraindicated in people family, because it can destroy a happy family life.

Zircon. He deprives a person of unnecessary doubt, anguish, gives invincible self-esteem and self-confidence – big ambitions from scratch. It can be dangerous because it would make its owner a vain and selfish.

Hyacinth. Its most important properties – to prevent conception, to promote abortion and delaying hair growth on the hidden parts of the body. This stone is worn in sorrow and grief. Hyacinthe attributed soothing action: it was believed that it relieves depression, it gives hope. So wearing it can only temporarily – in a period of depression. But despite all the advantages, hyacinth brings loneliness and unhappiness in love.

Jasper. Stone surprise. In its structure it contains all the elements, hence the possibility of it is not limited. A very positive stone, but Jasper contains the energy of Proserpine. All its features are not known, here you are waiting for surprises in finds, often unpleasant.

So remember, if you picked up a stone, or an amulet with a stone, and you wanted him to immediately remove or put back, this is not your amulet. If your silver chain rapidly blackens, remove it, you sick, (unless you put it to a particular treatment) otherwise it would break or get lost. If you have a heart attack and you want to remove it, and just twist it in your fingers, re-make it into a ring or ring. This direct indication that the heart chakra does not tolerate this amulet.

Compatibility stones and metals

As a universal frame for precious stones are traditionally used gold and silver. The roots of this tradition go to the astrological notions of the planets according to certain metals and stones, and the compatibility of their mutual influences.

This is the so-called affinity bodies and their corresponding metals and minerals. Sun attributed relationship with gold, the moon – with silver and so on. Some stones (. Diamond, amethyst, emerald, etc.) are double or even triple affinity – relate to several planets and metals simultaneously.

We should not think that the line between the stone and the planet is purely superficial, not caused by any underlying causes. Although the cause for such statements is: gold – bright, yellow, like the sun, moon, silvery, Mars-god of war, it is suitable iron. It would seem purely accidental external similarity, however, if you look at these respective closely, you can see that the sun occupies a special position in the planetary system, ono- its center, and the gold center of the monetary system worldwide. And in the chemistry of gold is not a common element: it closes the electrochemical voltage series – displaced from solutions of their salts of all metals.

How could the medieval alchemists and astrologers to know what has become known for certain only in our day? Another analogy: the Sun, as we know, from time to time there are stains and spots on the gold occur with the same frequency, ie, the life cycles of gold associated with the solar activity cycle.

Or take the match Saturn – lead. Saturn represents the principle of aging – it is the ash fire of life. But could not the same in the Middle Ages known that lead – the ashes of the nuclear fire, the end stage of many chains of nuclear fission. Analogy Venera- copper seems to be very clear: the goddess of beauty, Venus admiring herself in the mirror, and the copper is easily polished and antique mirror made of copper alloys – bronze or brass. But why red copper correspond stones blue and dark blue tones? Today, even schoolchildren know that the majority of crystalline salts of divalent copper is blue and blue.

According to the doctor of chemical sciences F. K. Velichko, there appears a characteristic feature of astrology “as a deeply thought-out system simulation: if it is correct (even intuitively) synchronized two phenomena, it will be synchronized and the other pair of phenomena, which are genetically connected to the original pair.”

The astrologer does not study the cause-and-effect relationships and analogies, similarity of two or more events, at first glance, have little in common. Hence, the statement about the presence of mystical connection between the stone and the rim, which in itself seems absurd naturalist, but more than a thousand years of astrology experience says, yes, there is such a connection, and ignore it at least unwise. Here is a table of planets, metals and stones, which have been adopted in modern astrology. However, what you should do if you are the owner, for example, carnelian, which in this table correspond to the metals mercury and zinc? Make a frame from mercury naturally, it is simply impossible, and “galvanize” the stone is not desirable.

What to do in this case?

In such cases, the astrologer refers to the notion of “friendship” and “hatred” of the planets. Sun and Moon are mutually complementary as masculine and feminine principles. About Sun relationship metal – gold and metal moon – silver we have said. Sun Stones should not be put in order in silver, unless specifically indicated cases: stone and frame can not “get along” in the same way as happens with people: nature inclines a man and a woman to the union, but their relationship is not always add up rosy. Astrologers, there are quite a clear idea of “likes” and “dislikes” of the planets. There are several different opinions about this, but here are the ones that agree with almost all astrologers. Sun at war with Mars, Saturn, Pluto, Mercury is neutral, has a complex relationship with the Moon, is friends with the other planets. Moon at war with Mars, Pluto, cold with Mercury and Uranus is opposite the Sun, a friend of the other planets. Mercury is compatible with all but the least with Mars, Pluto and the Moon. Venus at odds with Saturn and friendly with other planets. Mars with Venus friendly, hostile refers to Mercury and Uranus at odds with the rest of the planets. Jupiter is at war with Mars,

Saturn, Pluto, a friend of the other planets. Saturn is a friend of the Moon, Mercury, feuding with other planets. Uranium is a friend of Mercury, Venus, Neptune, has resorted to the help of Mars, Pluto, at odds with the rest of the planets. Neptune friends with the sun, moon, Venus, Jupiter, at odds with the rest of the planets. Pluto is a friend of Venus and Mars, feuding with other planets. So, what kind of frame will suit your stone? Gold and silver is really a universal mount, as the Sun, Moon and planets friendly they cover their influence most gemstones. But, of course, it is desirable to straighten the stones of the moon, Saturn and Neptune in silver. Mercury stones better straighten a metal corresponding to other planets, especially Uranus them suitable metals – aluminum and titanium and their alloys, platinum, and gold jewelry alloys containing zinc and cadmium (mercury analogs). For stones Mars suitable cupronickel – an alloy based on copper (copper – metal Venus, and Venus “friend” Mars) and nickel, which is included in the iron subgroup therefore also corresponds to Mars. Jupiter is especially friendly to the Sun, so it corresponds to the stones gold, but silver Jupiter is best avoided as it is a metal of the moon – “friend” of Saturn, Jupiter, which is hostile. Saturn stones not suitable gold as Saturn does not like the sun, and silver, and alloys of aluminum and titanium is in harmony with its stones.

Stone care

To permanently preserve attractive appearance jewelry, should follow the simple rules – wear carefully, because some stones can be quite fragile, to store and promptly remove impurities.

It is important to remember that the jewelry react to the external environment. Jewelry stones heated by friction and actively attract dust and grease, especially characteristic of diamonds, topaz and tourmaline, with the result that they lose their luster and the “game”, so the products with such inserts need to be cleaned regularly (about the methods of cleaning will be discussed below).

Exposed to direct sunlight (ultraviolet light), topazes, amethysts and pearls lose their color – fade.

Diamonds, emeralds, chrysolites – very fragile and can break from a sharp blow. Silver in the air darkens quickly, so products from silver alloys must be kept in a closed case, with the exception of products with rhodium coating.

Jewelery of precious metal alloys (especially alloys of high grade gold and silver) is sufficiently soft, so it is easy to lose luster and polishing.

Jewelry can be very damaging, if you accidentally expose them to chemicals and chemicals, in particular mercury, sulfur, iodine and chlorine-containing drugs, which leave bad stains.

Experts usually recommend to clean jewelry at least once a month, and regularly wipe them with a flannel or chamois cloth. Jewelry with stones or without them (but excluding products with emeralds, pearls and other stones of organic origin, as well as products with stones, having low hardness and silver jewelry with black and patina) can be cleaned with the following formulations:

warm soapy water;

slightly warm water diluted detergent such as “Fairy”;

sweetened with pure water;

a weak solution of a mixture of ethanol and ammonia water;

ethanol (wipe);

special structures for cleaning products made of gold and silver jewelry separately (they are packed in convenient bottles of small volumes of labels specified Rules for the Treatment solution);

special napkins made of cloth impregnated.

There is another way of cleaning – ultrasonic baths using special cleaning (detergent) solution, but it is not suitable for all products. The fact that the ultrasonic cleaning jewelry vibrate. Most natural stones (used in jewelry) have internal inclusions and irregularities which are exposed to vibrations can lead to the formation of internal cracks or split stone.

For example, such a method for purification of emeralds generally contraindicated: for these stones are frequently used method of refining (impregnation stone oil), in which the number of visible cracks in the stone decreases. If it influence the vibration and alkaline detergents, oil is decomposed and eluted from cracks, resulting in an emerald manifest large amount of cracks, invisible earlier, and the color may change to a less saturated. Cleaning emeralds with ethyl alcohol can lead to the same result, so it is best to clean them in warm water with baking soda with a soft brush.

The ultrasound method is also not advisable to clean jewelry with jade, lapis lazuli, amber, ivory, pearls, corals, and turquoise. All of these stones are often subject to additional beautification method of staining for improved consumer properties and under the influence of vibration and alkaline solutions, like emeralds, may lose their color.

Even this method is contraindicated jewelry with enamel. Due to the presence of numerous inclusions in enamel coatings, Vibration internal stresses can lead to cracks in the enamel. Clean products and stones must be carefully and cautiously

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Mike

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